Islamic State expands presence, seizes coastal city in Libya

Islamic State expansion is made possible when often little-known or relatively new jihadist groups announce their allegiance to IS, as was the case in the Libyan city of Derna.
By JC Finley  |  Nov. 19, 2014 at 7:55 AM
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TRIPOLI, Libya, Nov. 19 (UPI) -- The Islamic State has seized control of the coastal city of Derna on Libya's Mediterranean coast.

The terror group's trademark black flags are now flying over government buildings.

According to CNN, IS is in complete control of the city, located about 200 miles from the European coast. The Derna branch is composed of 800 fighters who operate six or so camps outside of town, with larger training facilities located in the Green Mountains.

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the self-proclaimed leader of IS, said in an audio recording posted online last week, "We give you good news by announcing the expansion of the Islamic State to new lands ... the lands of Al Haramayn [Saudi Arabia], Yemen, Egypt, Libya and Algeria."

Such expansion is made possible when often little known or relatively new jihadist groups announce their allegiance to IS, as was the case in Derna.

Majlis Shura Shabab al-Islam (the Islamic Youth Shura Council), founded in April, proclaimed allegiance to IS and announced in early October that territory it had seized in Derna was part of the IS "caliphate."

What's happening in Derna "could be a model for future acquisition of territory by the Islamic State beyond its base in Iraq and Syria," Aaron Y. Zelin, a fellow with The Washington Institute, wrote in a piece titled "The Islamic State's First Colony in Libya," published by the Washington, D.C.-based think tank in October.

Zelin noted that such a model for IS expansion differed from al-Qaida's practice of establishing "autonomous local franchise organizations" and acknowledged that oversight could be complicated. "Questions remain about the command-and-control capabilities that would be needed to realize such a scenario, as well as the logistics inherent in marshaling widespread foreign fighters and facilitation networks."

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