1 of 2 | The State Department is conducting “extensive media outreach” to fight the spread of propaganda and disinformation coming from Russia, officials told lawmakers Tuesday. File Photo by Sarah Silbiger/UPI | License Photo
WASHINGTON, March 15 (UPI) -- The State Department is conducting "extensive media outreach" to fight the spread of propaganda and disinformation coming from Russia, officials told lawmakers Tuesday.
"That includes two Russian language media, like Meduza, as well as two U.S. government-supported Russian language media like DRL and Voice of America," State Department official Jennifer Hall Godfrey told members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during a hearing on combating authoritarianism.
According to Godfrey, the senior bureau official for public diplomacy and affairs, Russian engagement on these platforms has "doubled" since the Kremlin revoked access to VOA online and despite continued efforts to "shut down" these outlets.
"We have a Telegram [messaging account] to keep in contact, which has not yet been found by the Russian government -- these are indigenous Russian language platforms that we're engaged on," she said.
"We continue to engage through Twitter, Facebook, and even though the Russian government has tried to shut down those platforms, we still see Russian citizens accessing them, and we'll continue to use all those means to continue to communicate with Russians."
Godfrey's remarks come after Russian journalist Marina Ovsyannikova was detained after running onto the set of one of Russia's most-watched news programs, Vremya, holding a sign that read in Russian: "No war, stop the war, don't believe the propaganda, they are lying to you here."
Sen. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., called Russia's attempt to spread disinformation an iron curtain -- essentially hiding the truth from the public -- and he praised Ovsyannikova for her protest. According to Van Hollen, the majority of Russians believe Russian propaganda.
Lawmakers, State Department officials and experts referred to this incident to highlight how autocratic regimes are able to limit the spread of information.
"They do so by kicking out independent media," Godfrey said. "They do so by telling their own journalists and citizens what they may or may not say."
Authoritarian governments, such as Russia and China, often leverage information and manipulate media outlets to attack the national security of the United States and its allies, the senators were told.
According to Sen. Jeff Merkley, D-Ore., authoritarian regimes have grown in strength over the past 16 years, and he cited a Freedom House report that only roughly 38% of the global population lives in democratic countries.
Uzra Zeya, the undersecretary for civilian security, democracy and human rights at the State Department, said the Biden administration has prioritized bolstering legitimate media outlets by proposing increasing the amount spent on media freedom by 40% in the fiscal year 2022 over fiscal year 2020.
To which Sen. Chris Coons, D-Del., who chairs the Senate subcommittee that oversees foreign aid, said more bipartisan focus is needed to make sure these requests make it into a final spending package.
"We had the chance to visit Poland in particular with a cable channel that is under a lot of pressure in terms of maintaining a free and open media," said the lawmaker, who traveled last month with two other Democratic senators to Germany, Poland and Lithuania.
"You requested a 40% increase. That is not what we were able to deliver here."
After senators finished hearing from the two State Department officials, two experts offered suggestions for how lawmakers should use policy to deter authoritarianism. They highlighted Russia, but also cited Venezuela and the People's Republic of China.
Anne Applebaum, a staff writer at the Atlantic and senior fellow at the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Agora Institute at Johns Hopkins University, suggested putting an end to transnational kleptocracy and centering democracy-building in foreign policy.
However, Applebaum emphasized fighting disinformation -- be it in Russia, China or Venezuela.
"Autocrats understand the importance of controlling opinion inside their own countries and influencing debates around the world," she said.
"Hundreds of Russian journalists have fled Moscow: Why not start a Russian television channel? We should increase funding for independent media outlets, support grassroots efforts to run media campaigns."
Committee Chairman Bob Menendez, D-N.J., touted his bipartisan measure designed to do just that.
"We must counter the dangerous narratives, which authoritarians spread to manipulate, to distract and to cause people to question whether democracy has anything to offer the modern world," Menendez said.
"This is one of my passions, and I intend to use your testimony as a foundation for our legislative initiative in this regard," he said.
Van Hollen also said using all avenues of communication is vital.
"This is the information equivalent of an arms race, and Russia will continue to put up blockades, and we need to use all the latest technology to try to make sure that we get information to the Russian people," he said.