Travelers and commuters walk through the Grand Central Terminal in New York City on Wednesday. For the second straight year, holiday plans are being affected due to a surge in Omicron COVID-19 infections. Photo by John Angelillo/UPI | License Photo
Dec. 23 (UPI) -- This year was supposed to be an improvement over last year in terms of holiday travel in the COVID-19 era, but the rapid emergence of the Omicron coronavirus variant is once again making the prospect of hitting the road to visit loved ones a bit unnerving.
The 2021 holiday travel period begins in earnest on Thursday, according to AAA, and nearly 110 million Americans are projected to travel 50 miles or more between now and Jan. 2.
A year ago, millions of people in the United States spiked plans to travel far from home for the holidays because of COVID-19. Last Dec. 23, there were more than 210,000 new cases nationwide and the United States was in the middle of its worst coronavirus spike of the pandemic.
A year later, that figure is even higher. According to scientists at Johns Hopkins University, there were almost 240,000 new cases nationwide on Wednesday -- with new infections fueled overwhelmingly by the Omicron strain.
And now the holiday travel period begins.
Air travel in the United States this holiday season is forecast to increase by 184% over last year. File Photo by Brian Kersey/UPI
Traveling by plane
According to AAA, 6.4 million Americans are forecast to travel by air during the holiday period -- almost three times the number who traveled by plane during the 2020 season, and close to the prepandemic 2019 level of 7.3 million.
That would be a 184% increase in passengers at U.S. airports over 2020.
AAA says the worst time to travel on Thursday is between noon and 6 p.m., and the best time is after 7 p.m.
With the Omicron variant taking over nationally, experts recommend all people going through airports to take as many precautions as possible, regardless of whether they're fully vaccinated and have received a booster shot.
"Americans who canceled their vacations in 2020 want to gather with family and friends for the holidays this year, although they will still be mindful of the pandemic and the new Omicron variant," Paula Twidale, senior vice president of AAA Travel, said in a statement.
"With vaccines widely available, conditions are much different and many people feel a greater level of comfort with travel."
The Transportation Security Administration said there were 2.45 million air travelers in the United States on the Sunday after Thanksgiving, which broke a record for COVID-19-era travel. On Tuesday, there were about 2 million air travelers, the TSA said -- compared to just 992,000 on the same day a year ago.
Those who travel by vehicle this holiday season will benefit from a decrease in gas prices. File Photo by Jim Ruymen/UPI
Traveling by road
AAA expects about 100 million Americans to travel over the holiday period by vehicle, an increase of more than 20 million over 2020.
The good news for those traveling by car this year is that gas prices have fallen in recent weeks.
According to AAA, the national average is $3.29 per gallon -- a decrease of 2 cents per gallon over the past week and 11 cents per gallon over the past month.
However, like the COVID-19 figures, a year ago they were much lower. The national average on Dec. 23, 2020, was about $2.25.
The increase is a result of the ongoing pandemic, many more travelers on the road and the substantial U.S. economic recovery over the past 12 months, which is always accompanied by a rise in inflation. Gas prices were down a year ago because fewer cars were on the road due to the pandemic, which sacked demand.
As of Thursday, the nation's most expensive gas is in California ($4.66), followed by Hawaii ($4.33), Washington ($3.85), Nevada ($3.85) and Oregon ($3.76).
The least expensive gas nationwide is in Texas ($2.88), Oklahoma ($2.88), Arkansas ($2.92), Missouri ($2.94) and Kentucky ($2.95).
After being shut down after the arrival of COVID-19 last year, cruise lines are up and running again and are expected to see an increase in holiday vacationers. File Photo by Heyder Castillo/EPA-EFE
Other modes of travel
The only area of travel that's forecast to see a greater increase over 2020 is the "other" category -- which means by bus, train or cruise ship.
AAA projects that almost 3 million Americans will travel between now and Jan. 2 by one of these three modes -- an increase of almost 200% over last year. In 2020, only about 980,000 people traveled by bus, train or cruise vessel.
This year's anticipated figure, however, is markedly down from the last prepandemic level in 2019, when 3.9 million went by bus, train or boat.
Cruise lines were shut down for much of the past year due to the pandemic, and some vessels have seen cluster infections in recent weeks. Because it's such a unique, crowded and isolated mode of travel, many cruise lines have 100% refund policies in place if travelers chose to cancel for any reason.
"Cancel up to 48 hours before your departure -- for any reason at all -- and get 100% of the value back in a future cruise credit," Royal Caribbean states on its website. "And if you or someone in your travel party test positive for COVID-19 before your cruise, get a 100% cruise fare refund."
According to AAA, the most popular destinations this holiday travel season are expected to be Las Vegas, New York City, Honolulu, Miami, Phoenix and San Diego. Orlando, Fla., and Anaheim, Calif. -- home to Walt Disney World and Disneyland -- are also high on the list.
U.S. President Joe Biden (L) and first lady Jill Biden pet their dog, Commander, while virtually meeting with United States military service members on Christmas Day, in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House complex in Washington, DC, on December 25, 2021. Photo by Michael Reynolds/UPI | License Photo