She was buried next to her late husband, Martin Ginsburg.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg died Sept. 18 after a battle with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
The Tuesday burial ended more than a week of ceremonies and memorials to honor the second woman to be confirmed to the Supreme Court.
She lied in repose on the portico of the Supreme Court building for two days after a private ceremony in the Great Hall for family and members of the court Wednesday. Her casket was then moved to the Capitol where she became the first woman to lie in state there.
Arlington National Cemetery is known for being the resting places of U.S. service members and veterans, and their families. Ginsburg's husband was an officer in the Army and served at Fort Sill in Oklahoma.
He died in 2010 from cancer.
Ginsburg is survived by two children, Jane Ginsburg and James Ginsburg; four grandchildren, Paul Spera, Clara Spera, Miranda Ginsburg and Abigail Ginsburg; and one great-grandchild, Lucrezia Spera.