Jan. 12 (UPI) -- The partial government shutdown entered its 22nd day Saturday, making it the longest closure in U.S. history -- a milestone most members of Congress observed on the way back to their home states for a week.
The shutdown surpassed the previous record closure of 21 days, which began Dec. 16, 1995, under the administration of President Bill Clinton. This is the third shutdown under President Donald Trump, though the others -- two days starting Jan. 20 and one day on Feb. 9 -- were much shorter.
And with Congress' departure from Washington, D.C., for a week back in their home states, there doesn't appear to be an end in sight for the shutdown.
The impasse centers on $5.7 billion Trump wants to fund a physical wall along the U.S.-Mexico border. The House and Senate passed a new stopgap funding bill without the wall money he sought by Dec. 21, but the president refused to sign the legislation.
The newly Democrat-controlled House is refusing to add the funding into its legislation. This week, it passed a series of bills funding individual departments and agencies of the government, including Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, Agriculture and Food and Drug Administration.
The Republican-controlled Senate was not expected to pass the legislation.
On Saturday, Trump called on Democrats to return to Washington, D.C., to solve the dispute and reopen the government.
"Democrats should come back to Washington and work to end the Shutdown, while at the same time ending the horrible humanitarian crisis at our Southern Border. I am in the White House waiting for you!" he tweeted.
The shutdown has left 800,000 federal employees on furlough or working without pay. They missed their first paychecks Friday and thousands began applying for unemployment. Trump promised to sign legislation passed by Congress to provide back pay to some 800,000 federal employees out of work because of the partial shutdown.
Meanwhile, the Trump administration this week agreed to keep funding food stamp benefits, but recipients will end up receiving next month's funds by Jan. 20. That's weeks earlier than normal, Politico reported.
Representatives from grocery retailers said they're preparing for an unusually early onslaught of people using some $4.8 billion of benefits in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
"We don't know of any time this has ever happened," said Hannah Walker, senior director of technology and nutrition policy at the Food Marketing Institute.
In addition, screening officers with the Transportation Security Administration will receive a one-time $500 award that will appear in their accounts in a "few days" that are under "unique authorities provided TSA in law, Administrator David Pekoske posted on Twitter.
The bonus is "in recognition of their hard work during yet another busy holiday travel season, maintaining the highest of security standards during an extraordinary period," Pekoske wrote on Twitter.
He added: "While I realize this is not what you are owed for your hard work during pay period 26 and what you deserve, I hope these actions alleviate some of the financial hardship many of you are facing."
Because the workers are considered "essential," they have been working without pay since the shutdown started three weeks ago. The TSA also is processing payments to employees who worked on Dec. 22, the day the shutdown began.
The agency reported a 5.6 percent unscheduled absences rate compared with 3.3 percent one year ago. "Most security standards remain uncompromised at our nation's airports," despite the sick calls, Assistant Administrator for Public Affairs Michael Bilello tweeted Saturday.
Federal workers rally against shutdown