Chavez to visit Iran after talks in Libya

Sept. 2, 2009 at 5:28 PM
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CARACAS, Venezuela, Sept. 2 (UPI) -- Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has scheduled a visit to Iran Saturday after talks with African and Middle East leaders during the Libya summit this week on forging strategic political, economic and possibly military alliances in the region.

Iran's Fars News Agency said Chavez would hold a news conference in Tehran after discussions with Iranian officials. A number of bilateral agreements will be signed during the two-day visit by Chavez, said the agency, without mentioning a possible meeting with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Venezuela's official news agency ABN said the international tour by Chavez proved that Venezuela was neither isolated nor locked in and had widened its relations in Africa and the Middle East.

Chavez attended the special summit, held to celebrate 40 years of Moammar Gadhafi's rule over Libya, as part of his advocacy of closer collaboration between socialist nations of Central and South America, Africa and Asia.

The Chavez tour coincides with international furor over Britain's release of Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi and the hero's welcome Gadhafi gave him in Libya, and a developing row between Argentina and Iran over the nomination of Ahmad Vahidi as Iran's defense minister. Vahidi is wanted by Interpol for his role in the bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1994. Iran denies a role in the bombings.

Chavez has cultivated OPEC partner Iran in recent months while Iran has stepped up its economic push into Latin America. Iranian business deals with private and state sectors in South American countries have multiplied, as diplomatic representations have mushroomed.

When Ahmadinejad visited South America in 2007, Chavez acted as a guide for the Iranian as Nicaragua's Daniel Ortega and Ecuador's Rafael Correa held their presidential inauguration ceremonies.

"It was a tour that solidified the 'Marxist-Islamist' relationship between Venezuela and Iran, and opened the door for Iran to develop deeper ties with leaders across the region," the Zurich-based International Relations and Security Network said.

Since then, Chavez has awarded Iran observer status to his non-aligned trade group, the Bolivian Alternative for the Americas. Iran has announced the opening or widening of diplomatic representations in Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Bolivia and Uruguay.

Trade between oil-rich Iran and South America has risen as recession in Europe and North America has diminished demand for Latin exports to those regions.

Massive Iranian cash infusions have also helped Nicaragua, a major diplomatic hub for Iran in South America. One Spanish research study estimated Iran's cash commitments to Nicaragua in excess of $1 billion.

Analysts said the recent trade and economic cooperation trends in South America showed China as a major financier, with Iran not far behind in some countries.

Even noncommittal Brazil has courted Iran but has been careful to maintain transparency in its deals with Tehran.

However, analysts noted that President Lula da Silva's recent preoccupation with reviving Brazil's weapons industry and giving the country's oil and gas industry a big push means there may be a greater role for Iran, experienced in both arms production and oil exploration, in Brazil as well.

Topics: Hugo Chavez
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