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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Dec. 2, 2023

On Dec. 2, 1823, during his annual address to the U.S. Congress, President James Monroe proclaimed a new U.S. foreign policy initiative that became known as the "Monroe Doctrine."

By United Press International
On December 2, 1823, during his annual address to the U.S. Congress, President James Monroe, pictured here in ca. 1820-22, proclaimed a new U.S. foreign policy initiative that became known as the "Monroe Doctrine." Image by Gilbert Stuart/Metropolitan Museum of Art/Wikimedia
1 of 5 | On December 2, 1823, during his annual address to the U.S. Congress, President James Monroe, pictured here in ca. 1820-22, proclaimed a new U.S. foreign policy initiative that became known as the "Monroe Doctrine." Image by Gilbert Stuart/Metropolitan Museum of Art/Wikimedia

Today is Saturday, Dec. 2, the 336th day of 2023 with 29 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Sagittarius. They include French painter Georges-Pierre Seurat in 1859; circus co-founder Charles Ringling in 1863; opera singer Maria Callas in 1923; former U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig Jr. in 1924; former U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese III in 1931 (age 92); former Senate Democratic leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., in 1939; artist/dog photographer William Wegman in 1943 (age 80); actor Cathy Lee Crosby in 1944 (age 79); fashion designer Gianni Versace in 1946; figure skater Randy Gardner in 1958 (age 65); Interior Secretary Deb Haaland in 1960 (age 63); writer Ann Patchett in 1963 (age 60); actor Lucy Liu in 1968 (age 55); actor Joe Lo Truglio in 1970 (age 53); tennis player Monica Seles in 1973 (age 50); singer/songwriter Nelly Furtado in 1978 (age 45); pop singer Britney Spears in 1981 (age 42); NFL quarterback Aaron Rodgers in 1983 (age 40); actor/country singer Jana Kramer in 1983 (age 40); actor Daniela Ruah in 1983 (age 40); actor Alfred Enoch in 1988 (age 35); singer Charlie Puth in 1991 (age 32); actor Annalise Basso in 1998 (age 25).

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On this date in history:

In 1804, Napoleon crowned himself emperor of France.

In 1823, during his annual address to the U.S. Congress, President James Monroe proclaimed a new U.S. foreign policy initiative that became known as the "Monroe Doctrine."

In 1859, abolitionist John Brown was hanged for his raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, W.Va.

In 1927, the Model A Ford was introduced as the successor to the Model T. The price of a Model A roadster was $395.

In 1942, the Atomic Age was born when scientists demonstrated the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction at a laboratory below the stands at the University of Chicago football stadium.

In 1954, the U.S. Senate voted 65-22 to condemn Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., for conduct unbecoming a senator. The condemnation, which was equivalent to a censure, related to McCarthy's controversial investigation of alleged communists in the U.S. government, military and civilian society.

In 1961, Fidel Castro disclosed he was a communist, acknowledging he concealed the fact until he solidified his hold on Cuba.

In 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency was formed with Indianapolis lawyer William Ruckelshaus as its administrator.

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In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, establishing, among other things, the Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, the Katmai National Park and Preserve, Kenai Fjords National Park, Kobuk Valley National Park, Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, and Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve.

In 1982, retired dentist Barney Clark, 62, became the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart. He survived 112 days.

In 1993, Colombian drug trafficker Pablo Escobar was killed in a shootout with police and soldiers in the Colombian city of Medellin.

In 2001, U.S. forces in Afghanistan captured John Walker Lindh, 20, a U.S. citizen from San Anselmo, Calif., found fighting with the Taliban.

In 2001, energy company Enron filed for bankruptcy, sparking one of the biggest corporate scandals in U.S. history. The Houston-based company was found to have fraudulent accounting practices.

In 2015, Syed Farook and his wife Tashfeen Malik, attacked a social services facility in Southern California killing 14 before leading police in a running gun battle in which they were killed.

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In 2016, a fire broke out an Oakland, Calif., warehouse killing 36 people. The Ghost Ship warehouse, which was being used for artist studios and dwellings, was hosting a concert at the time of the fire.

In 2020, Britain became the first Western nation to approve a COVID-19 vaccine, one developed by Pfizer and BioNTech.


A thought for the day: "One word frees us of all the weight and pain in life. That word is love." -- Ancient Greek playwright Sophocles

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