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UPI Almanac for Friday, Sept. 30, 2022

On Sept. 30, 1946, verdicts were handed down in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial. Twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death by hanging.

By United Press International
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On September 30, 1946, verdicts were handed down in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial. Twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death by hanging. File Photo by U.S. Army
On September 30, 1946, verdicts were handed down in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial. Twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death by hanging. File Photo by U.S. Army

Today is Friday, Sept. 30, the 273rd day of 2022 with 92 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include Persian poet Rumi in 1207; Pope Nicholas IV in 1227; chewing gum magnate William Wrigley Jr. in 1861; German physicist Hans Geiger, co-inventor of the Geiger counter, in 1882; film director Lewis Milestone in 1895; novelist Truman Capote in 1924; actor Deborah Kerr in 1921; actor Angie Dickinson in 1931 (age 91); Nobel Peace Prize laureate Elie Wiesel in 1928; singer Johnny Mathis in 1935 (age 87); singer Marilyn McCoo in 1943 (age 79); actor Len Cariou in 1939 (age 83); actor Victoria Tennant in 1950 (age 72); actor Barry Williams in 1954 (age 68); actor Fran Drescher in 1957 (age 65); actor Eric Stoltz in 1961 (age 61); actor Crystal Bernard in 1961 (age 61); actor Monica Bellucci in 1964 (age 58); actor Jenna Elfman in 1971 (age 51); actor Marion Cotillard in 1975 (age 47); author Ta-Nehisi Coates in 1975 (age 47); tennis star Martina Hingis in 1980 (age 42); U.S. Olympic gold medal-winning gymnast Dominique Moceanu in 1981 (age 41); actor Lacey Chabert in 1982 (age 40); actor Kieran Culkin in 1982 (age 40); rapper T-Pain, born Faheem Rashad Najm, in 1985 (age 37); actor Ki Hong Lee in 1986 (age 36); actor Ezra Miller in 1992 (age 30); actor/dancer Maddie Ziegler in 2002 (age 20); actor Bella Ramsey in 2003 (age 19).

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On this date in history:

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In 1630, John Billington, one of the first pilgrims to land in America, was hanged for murder -- the first European criminal executed in the American colonies.

In 1846, a dentist in Charleston, Mass., extracted a tooth with the aid of an anesthetic -- ether. It was the first time an anesthetic had been used.

In 1927, Babe Ruth set a Major League Baseball record with his 60th home run of the season. The mark would stand for 34 years.

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In 1938, Germany, France, Britain and Italy met in Munich, Germany, for a conference after which British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain predicted "peace for our time." World War II began less than one year later.

In 1946, verdicts were handed down in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial. Twelve Nazi leaders were sentenced to death by hanging.

In 1954, the USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear submarine, was commissioned by the U.S. Navy, under the command of Commander Eugene P. Wilkinson.

In 1955, movie idol James Dean died in a car crash at age 24.

In 1962, James H. Meredith, a Black student, was escorted onto the University of Mississippi campus by U.S. marshals, setting off a riot in which two men died before violence was quelled by more than 3,000 soldiers. Meredith enrolled the next day.

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In 1992, the United States returned most of the Subic Bay Naval Base to the Philippine government after more than a century of use.

In 1993, a 6.2-magnitude earthquake struck India's Maharashtra state, killing nearly 10,000 people. The disaster primarily affected the Latur and Osmanabad districts.

In 1993, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Colin Powell announced his retirement from the military. Effective upon his retirement, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II approved his knighthood.

In 2005, Michael Eisner resigned as CEO of the Walt Disney Co. One week later, he departed his position on the board of the company.

In 2008, thousands of worshipers making their way through a narrow passage to a Hindu temple in India for a religious festival broke into a stampede when a wall collapsed. Police put the death toll at 224 with more than 100 people injured.

In 2011, a missile from an American drone aircraft strike over Yemen killed Anwar al-Awlaki, a U.S.-born Islamic cleric linked to several high-profile terrorist incidents in the United States and subject of a two-year manhunt.

In 2020, California became the first state to adopt a law seeking to develop a path to pay reparations to Black residents and descendants of slavery.

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A thought for the day: "Knowledge is power, if you know it about the right person." -- American writer Ethel Watts Mumford

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