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UPI Almanac for Monday, Aug. 15, 2022

On Aug.15, 1947, India gains independence from Britain after 200 years of rule. The Indian Independence Act also partitioned British India into modern-day India and Pakistan.

By United Press International
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People ride on a refugee special train at Ambala Station in India in February 1954. The 1947 partition of India and Pakistan left many people displaced for years. File Photo courtesy of the <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_refugee_special_train_at_Ambala_Station_during_partition_of_India.jpg" target="_blank">Indian government</a>
People ride on a refugee special train at Ambala Station in India in February 1954. The 1947 partition of India and Pakistan left many people displaced for years. File Photo courtesy of the Indian government

Today is Monday, Aug. 15, the 227th day of 2022 with 138 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1769; Scottish novelist Walter Scott in 1771; U.S. first lady Florence Harding in 1860; British composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor in 1875; actor Ethel Barrymore in 1879; chef Julia Child in 1912; conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly in 1924; actor Mike Connors in 1925; actor Jim Dale in 1935 (age 87); civil rights leader Vernon Jordan Jr. in 1935; U.S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer in 1938 (age 84); journalist Linda Ellerbee in 1944 (age 78); football Hall of Fame member/players' union leader Gene Upshaw in 1945; songwriter Jimmy Webb in 1946 (age 76); Britain's Princess Anne in 1950 (age 72); Swedish writer Stieg Larsson in 1954; rock singer Matt Johnson in 1961 (age 61); chef Tom Colicchio in 1962 (age 60); filmmaker Alejandro González Iñárritu in 1963 (age 59); philanthropist Melinda Gates in 1964 (age 58); actor Debra Messing in 1968 (age 54); actor Anthony Anderson in 1970 (age 52); actor Ben Affleck in 1972 (age 50); Olympic beach volleyball champion Kerri Walsh Jennings in 1978 (age 44); actor Emily Kinney in 1985 (age 37); rapper Nipsey Hussle, born Ermias Asghedom, in 1985; actor/singer Carlos PenaVega in 1989 (age 33); pop singer Joe Jonas in 1989 (age 33); actor Jennifer Lawrence in 1990 (age 32).

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On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: India gains full independence

In 1914, a U.S. ship sailed from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, officially opening the Panama Canal.

In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and pilot Wiley Post were killed when their plane crashed in Alaska.

In 1947, India gains independence from Britain after 200 years of rule. The Indian Independence Bill also grants independence to Pakistan, though that country observes its freedom one day earlier.

RELATED UPI Archives: Pakistani Hindus want to remain in India

In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Arts Festival, often described as a landmark counterculture event, opened on Max Yasgur's farm near Bethel, N.Y., drawing an estimated 400,000 people for three days of music.

In 1985, South African President P.W. Botha, rejecting Western pleas to abolish apartheid, declared, "I am not prepared to lead white South Africans and other minority groups on a road to abdication and suicide."

In 1994, the notorious international terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal" was captured in Sudan. The next day he was extradited to France, where he was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in prison.

In 2003, Libya admitted responsibility for the 1988 bombing of a Pan Am airliner over Lockerbie, Scotland, that claimed 270 lives and agreed to pay reparations totaling $2.7 billion.

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In 2004, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez survived a referendum to oust him.

In 2007, an 8-magnitude earthquake struck 90 miles southeast of Lima, Peru, killing an estimated 500 people and injuring hundreds more.

In 2013, Egyptian authorities said the death toll had surpassed 600 in violence that began with a crackdown on protesting supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi.

In 2015, the North Korean government moved to its own time zone -- back 30 minutes -- going back to what it once was before the Japanese took control of the country more than a century ago.

In 2021, Taliban militants took control of Afghanistan after storming Kabul and the presidential palace and causing President Ashraf Ghani to flee. The fall came as U.S. troops fully withdrew from the country after 20 years of war.


A thought for the day: "What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the made destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty or democracy?" -- Indian activist Mahatma Gandhi

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