UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 23, 2021

On Oct. 23, 1945, Jackie Robinson, the first black baseball player hired by a major league team, was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers and sent to their Montreal farm team.

By United Press International
UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 23, 2021
A sculpture of Jackie Robinson is part of the sports exhibit at the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture on September 14, 2016, in Washington, D.C. On October 23, 1945, Robinson, the first black baseball player hired by a major league team, was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers. File Photo by Pat Benic/UPI | License Photo

Today is Saturday, Oct. 23, the 296th day of 2021 with 69 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Adlai E. Stevenson I, U.S. vice president under Grover Cleveland, in 1835; pioneering college football coach John Heisman, for whom the Heisman Trophy is named; in 1869; William Coolidge, inventor of the X-ray tube, in 1873; vaudevillian Milton "Gummo" Marx in 1893; Gertrude Ederle, the first woman to swim the English Channel, in 1905; former Tonight Show host Johnny Carson in 1925; pro golfer Juan "Chi Chi" Rodriguez in 1935 (age 86); Brazilian soccer star Pele, born Edson Arantes do Nascimento, in 1940 (age 81); author Michael Crichton in 1942; filmmaker Ang Lee in 1954 (age 67); singer Dwight Yoakam in 1956 (age 65); civil rights activist Martin Luther King III in 1957 (age 64); singer "Weird Al" Yankovic in 1959 (age 62); television talk show host Nancy Grace in 1959 (age 62); former football star Doug Flutie in 1962 (age 59); medical reporter Sanjay Gupta in 1969 (age 52); actor Kate del Castillo in 1972 (age 49); actor Ryan Reynolds in 1976 (age 45); rocker Matt Shultz in 1983 (age 38); author/television personality Meghan McCain in 1984 (age 37); singer Miguel Pimentel in 1985 (age 36); actor Emilia Clarke in 1986 (age 35); actor Margaret Qualley in 1994 (age 27); model Ireland Baldwin in 1995 (age 26); actor Amandla Stenberg in 1998 (age 23).


On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: Major leaguers think faster says Jackie Robinson after first game in big leagues

In 1707, the British Parliament met for the first time.

In 1915, an estimated 25,000 women marched in New York City demanding the right to vote throughout the United States.

In 1942, the British Eighth Army launched an offensive at El Alamein in Egypt, a World War II battle that eventually swept the Germans out of North Africa.

RELATED Jackie Robinson Day: MLB players pledge salaries for racial justice

In 1945, Jackie Robinson, the first black baseball player hired by a major league team, was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers and sent to their Montreal farm team. He moved up to the Dodgers in 1947 and became one of the sport's greatest stars.

In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly convened for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy signed Proclamation 3504, authorizing the naval blockade of Cuba following the discovery of Soviet missiles on the island.

In 1972, earthquakes killed more than 10,000 people in Nicaragua.

In 1983, suicide bomb attacks on peacekeeping troops in Beirut killed 241 U.S. Marines and 58 French soldiers. Warnings ignored, defenses left vulnerable in attack on Marines in Lebanon.


In 1987, the U.S. Senate rejected U.S. President Ronald Reagan's nomination of Judge Robert Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court by the biggest margin in history, 58-42.

In 1989, Hungary formally declared an end to 40 years of communist rule and proclaimed itself a republic, setting the stage for creation of Western-style democracy in the Eastern Bloc state.

In 1998, Dr. Barnett Slepian, an obstetrician who performed abortions, was killed by a sniper who fired a bullet through a window of Slepian's home in Amherst, N.Y. The shooter, James Kopp, received life plus 10 years in prison in 2007 for the shooting.

In 2005, a Nigerian plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos, killing all 117 people aboard.

In 2006, Panamanians voted overwhelmingly to support a proposal to expand the Panama Canal to allow larger ships to pass through.

In 2008, former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan told a U.S. House committee the United States is "in the midst of a once-in-a-century credit tsunami" that left him in a state of "shocked disbelief."

In 2018, Chinese President Xi Jinping inaugurated the world's longest sea bridge, the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge, which is 34 miles long.


In 2019, the Hong Kong government officially withdrew a proposed extradition bill that led to months of protests, violence and other types of unrest in the Chinese territory.

In 2020, Bruce Springsteen released his 20th studio album, Letter to You, recorded with the E Street Band.

A thought for the day: "We are all of us, men and women both, the creatures of culture: we do and feel what our societies ask us to, and the demands put upon us are not always consistent or precisely correlated with biology." -- American writer Diana Trilling

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