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UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 18, 2021

On Aug. 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land. The law took effect eight days later.

By United Press International
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UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 18, 2021
A member of the League of Women Voters participates in a demonstration to protest the lack of voting rights for the citizens of Washington, D.C., on the 90th Anniversary of the 19th Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote, in front of the White House in Washington on August 26, 2010. On August 19, 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land. The law took effect eight days later. File Photo by Kevin Dietsch/UPI | License Photo

Today is Wednesday, Aug. 18, the 230th day of 2021 with 135 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Virginia Dare, first English settler born in the American colonies, in 1587; explorer Meriwether Lewis in 1774; Chicago department store founder Marshall Field in 1834; cosmetics businessman Max Factor in 1904; actor Shelley Winters in 1920; former first lady Rosalynn Carter in 1927 (age 94); film director Roman Polanski in 1933 (age 88); baseball Hall of Fame member Roberto Clemente in 1934; Olympic gold medal winning decathlete Rafer Johnson in 1935; actor Robert Redford in 1936 (age 85); actor Martin Mull in 1943 (age 78); actor Patrick Swayze in 1952; actor Denis Leary in 1957 (age 64); actor Madeleine Stowe in 1958 (age 63); actor Edward Norton in 1969 (age 52); actor Christian Slater in 1969 (age 52); actor Malcolm-Jamal Warner in 1970 (age 51); actor Kaitlin Olson in 1975 (age 46); actor Andy Samberg in 1978 (age 43); singer Mika, born Michael Penniman Jr., in 1983 (age 38); actor/comedian Anna Akana in 1989 (age 32); model Frances Bean Cobain in 1992 (age 29); actor Maia Mitchell in 1993 (age 28); actor Madelaine Petsch in 1994 (age 27); actor Josephine Langford in 1997 (age 24).

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On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: Rosario Dawson, Retta to host women's suffrage podcast

In 1227, Genghis Khan, the Mongol leader who forged an empire stretching from the east coast of China west to the Aral Sea, died in camp during a campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.

In 1587, Virginia Dare was the first child of English parents to be born in the New World -- at Roanoke Island, part of what would become North Carolina.

In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land. The law took effect eight days later.

RELATED UPI Archives: Women's right to vote now official in United States

In 1960, the first commercially produced oral contraceptives went on the market.

In 1963, James Meredith graduated from the University of Mississippi. He was the first African American to attend the school, and his enrollment touched off deadly riots, necessitating the use of armed guards.

In 1976, U.S. President Gerald Ford was nominated in Kansas City, Mo., to head the Republican presidential ticket. He lost to Democrat Jimmy Carter in November.

In 1982, Lebanon and the Palestine Liberation Organization approved a plan for withdrawal of PLO fighters from besieged West Beirut. Israel approved it the following day.

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In 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev was removed as president of the Soviet Union in a coup and replaced by hard-line Communists led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev. The coup collapsed after three days due to efforts by Russian President Boris Yeltsin.

In 2005, Dennis Rader, the Kansas man who called himself BTK -- for bind, torture, kill -- and confessed to slaying 10 people, was sentenced to 10 consecutive life terms.

In 2008, threatened by impeachment and badgered by faltering economy and security, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announced his resignation.

In 2010, U.S. combat forces completed their withdrawal from Iraq but 50,000 American troops remained, primarily as trainers.

In 2012, a small plane carrying Philippine Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo and three others crashed into the sea off the country's Masbate Island. A Robredo aide survived the crash. Divers later found the bodies of the secretary and two pilots.

In 2013, Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt, competing in Moscow, became the most decorated track and field athlete in World Championship history.

In 2019, more than 1 million pro-democracy demonstrators gathered in Hong Kong's Victory Park against the Chinese government and police brutality.

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A thought for the day: "Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education." -- U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt

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