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UPI Almanac for Friday, July 23, 2021

On July 23, 1999, U.S. Air Force Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman to command a space shuttle flight, with the launch of Columbia on a four-day mission.

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United Press International
Retired NASA astronaut, Col. Eileen Collins, speaks on Day 3 of the Republican National Convention at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio, on July 20, 2016. On July 23, 1999, she became the first woman to command a space shuttle flight, with the launch of Columbia on a four-day mission. Photo by Kevin Dietsch/UPI
Retired NASA astronaut, Col. Eileen Collins, speaks on Day 3 of the Republican National Convention at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio, on July 20, 2016. On July 23, 1999, she became the first woman to command a space shuttle flight, with the launch of Columbia on a four-day mission. Photo by Kevin Dietsch/UPI | License Photo

Today is Friday, July 23, the 204th day of 2021 with 161 to follow.

The moon is full. Morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Venus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Pope Clement XI in 1649; detective novelist Raymond Chandler in 1888; Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie in 1892; former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy in 1936 (age 85); actor Ronny Cox in 1938 (age 83); talk show host Don Imus in 1940 (age 81); drummer Dino Danelli in 1944 (age 77); actor Edie McClurg in 1945 (age 76); musician David Essex in 1947 (age 74); drummer John Rutsey in 1952; Dutch film director Theo van Gogh in 1957; actor Woody Harrelson in 1961 (age 60); actor Eriq La Salle in 1962 (age 59); actor Philip Seymour Hoffman in 1967; guitarist Slash, born Saul Hudson, in 1965 (age 56); singer Alison Krauss in 1971 (age 50); actor Marlon Wayans in 1972 (age 49); actor Kathryn Hahn in 1973 (age 48); former White House intern Monica Lewinsky in 1973 (age 48); singer Michelle Williams in 1980 (age 41); actor Paul Wesley in 1982 (age 39); actor Daniel Radcliffe in 1989 (age 32); country singer Danielle Bradbery in 1996 (age 25).

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On this day in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: NASA selects first female shuttle pilot

In 1829, William Burt of Mount Vernon, Mich., patented the "typographer," believed to be the first typewriter.

In 1948, legendary pioneer movie director D.W. Griffith, maker of several silent classics, including The Birth of a Nation, died at the age of 73.

In 1967, rioting erupted on 12th Street in the heart of Detroit's predominantly African-American inner city. By the time it was quelled four days later by 7,000 National Guard and U.S. Army troops, 43 people were dead, 342 injured.

RELATED UPI Archives: Astronaut Eileen Collins to GOP: Return space program to past glory

In 1973, Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox served subpoenas on the White House after U.S. President Richard Nixon refused to turn over requested tapes and documents.

In 1982, actor Vic Morrow and two child actors were killed when a helicopter crashed on the movie set of The Twilight Zone.

In 1984, Vanessa Williams gave up her crown as Miss America, bowing to demands by pageant officials that she quit because she appeared nude in sexually explicit pictures in Penthouse magazine.

In 1999, U.S. Air Force Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman to command a space shuttle flight, with the launch of Columbia on a four-day mission.

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In 2002, a laser-guided bomb fired from an Israeli warplane hit the Gaza home of Sheik Salah Shehada, founder of the military wing of Hamas, killing him and 14 others and wounding more than 140 people.

In 2003, the Massachusetts attorney general said an investigation indicated nearly 1,000 cases of abuse by Roman Catholic priests and other church personnel in the Boston diocese over 60 years.

In 2005, three synchronized terrorist bombings struck Sharm el-Sheik, an Egyptian resort, killing at least 90 people and injuring 240.

In 2012, the NCAA imposed severe penalties, including a $60 million fine, on Penn State University. One official accused the university of a "conspiracy of silence" about child abuse involving former assistant coach Jerry Sandusky.

In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration released a scientific review that said mint flavoring makes it easier to start smoking cigarettes and then harder to quit.

In 2014, a TransAsia Airways twin turboprop plane crashed in stormy weather during an emergency landing on a Taiwanese island, killing 48 people and injuring 10.

In 2019, Conservative Party members voted Boris Johnson as Britain's new prime minister, succeeding Theresa May.

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In 2020, China launched the Tianwen-1 orbiter in its first attempt to reach the surface of Mars. The rover Zhurong set down on the red planet on May 15.


A thought for the day: " Leave the matter of religion to the family ... the church and the private school, supported entirely by private contributions. Keep the church and state forever separate." -- U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant

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