On this date in history:
In 1942, U.S. Army Gen. Dwight Eisenhower took command of the U.S. World War II forces in Europe.
In 1950, North Korean forces invaded South Korea, beginning the Korean War.
In 1951, CBS aired the first color television broadcast. At the time, no color TV sets were owned by the public.
In 1962, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a decision interpreted as barring prayer in public schools.
In 1973, White House attorney John Dean told a U.S. Senate committee that U.S. President Richard Nixon joined in a plot to cover up the Watergate break-in.
In 1991, Slovenia and Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia, sparking civil war.
In 1993, Kim Campbell was sworn in as Canada's first woman prime minister, taking the post after the retirement of Brian Mulroney. Campbell was prime minister until November, leaving office after her Progressive Conservative Party was defeated in the federal election.
In 1997, about half of Mir's power supply was knocked out when an unmanned cargo ship collided with the Russian space station and put a hole in it.
In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that mandatory sentencing of teenage killers to life without parole is unconstitutional.
In 2019, San Francisco became the first U.S. city to ban the sale of electronic cigarettes.
In 2020, country music group The Dixie Chicks changed its name to The Chicks. The change follows pressure from those who object to "Dixie" as a nostalgic nickname for the South, specifically the states from the Confederacy.