Today is Tuesday, Oct. 27, the 301st day of 2020 with 65 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Dutch humanist Erasmus in 1469; English explorer Capt. James Cook in 1728; Italian violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini in 1782; sewing machine developer Isaac Singer in 1811; Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States/Nobel Peace Prize laureate, in 1858; etiquette arbiter Emily Post in 1872; painter Lee Krasner in 1908; longtime Tonight Show producer/director Fred de Cordova in 1910; actor Leif Erickson in 1911; Welsh poet Dylan Thomas in 1914; actor Nanette Fabray in 1920; baseball Hall of Fame member Ralph Kiner in 1922; pop artist Roy Lichtenstein in 1923; poet Sylvia Plath in 1932; comedian John Cleese in 1939 (age 81); country singer Lee Greenwood in 1942 (age 78); former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in 1945 (age 75); Canadian filmmaker Ivan Reitman in 1946 (age 74); writer Fran Lebowitz in 1950 (age 70); actor Roberto Benigni in 1952 (age 68); actor Robert Picardo in 1953 (age 67); singer Simon Le Bon in 1958 (age 62); actor Marla Maples in 1963 (age 57); rock musician Scott Weiland in 1967; author Zadie Smith in 1975 (age 45); television personality Kelly Osbourne in 1984 (age 36); actor Troy Gentile in 1993 (age 27).
On this date in history:
In 1682, the city of Philadelphia was founded by William Penn to serve as the capital of the Pennsylvania Colony.
In 1787, a New York newspaper published the first of 77 essays explaining the new Constitution and urging its ratification. The essays were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay (and later combined as "The Federalist Papers)."
In 1795, a treaty with Spain settled Florida's northern boundary and gave navigation rights on the Mississippi River to the United States.
In 1904, the first rapid transit subway system in America opened in New York City.
In 1936, Mrs. Wallis Simpson, American friend of King Edward VIII, obtained a swift divorce in the small, dingy Ipswich Court.
In 1946, the travel show Geographically Speaking, sponsored by Bristol-Myers, became the first television program with a commercial sponsor.
In 1954, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., commander of the 332nd Fighter Group, the Tuskegee Airmen, becomes the first African American promoted to the rank of general in the United States Air Force.
In 1954, Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio divorced. Among the issues that ended their much-publicized marriage was a blowup over her famous scene in The Seven-Year Itch in which a blast of air lifts her skirt. The marriage lasted nine months.
In 1962, Major Rudolf Anderson, a U-2 pilot in the United States Air Force, is shot down during a reconnaissance mission over Cuba. His death makes him the only direct casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
In 1998, Hurricane Mitch, one of the strongest recorded Atlantic storms, began a four-day siege of Central America, causing at least 10,000 deaths.
In 2004, the Boston Red Sox won the World Series for the first time in 86 years.
In 2013, Lou Reed, iconoclastic main singer of the New York rock band Velvet Underground, died at the age of 71. He was widely regarded as an influential musician in pop music.
In 2017, the Catalan Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favor of independence from Spain. In reaction, the Spanish government dissolved Catalonia's legislative body.
In 2019, Cherokee actor, activist and Vietnam veteran Wes Studi became the first Native American actor to be presented with an Oscar -- an honorary lifetime achievement award.
A thought for the day: "Be practical as well as generous in your ideals. Keep your eyes on the stars, but remember to keep your feet on the ground." -- U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt