Today is Saturday, Aug. 8, the 221st day of 2020 with 145 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include the United States' first professional architect, Charles Bulfinch, in 1763; African-American explorer Matthew Henson in 1866; Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata in 1879; Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg in 1908; movie producer Dino De Laurentiis in 1919; aquatic actor Esther Williams in 1921; singer Mel Tillis in 1932; actor Dustin Hoffman in 1937 (age 83); singer Connie Stevens in 1938 (age 82); Russian cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space, in 1948 (age 72); actor Keith Carradine in 1949 (age 71); writer/journalist Randy Shilts in 1951; former Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi in 1951; TV personality Deborah Norville in 1958 (age 62); musician The Edge, born David Evans, in 1961 (age 59); singer JC Chasez in 1976 (age 44); actor Countess Vaughn in 1978 (age 42); tennis star Roger Federer in 1981 (age 39); actor Meagan Good in 1981 (age 39); actor Peyton List in 1986 (age 34); actor Katie Leung in 1987 (age 33); Beatrice, princess of York, in 1988 (age 32); actor Casey Cott in 1992 (age 28); singer Lauv, born Ari Leff, in 1994 (age 26); singer Shawn Mendes in 1998 (age 22).
On this date in history:
In 1911, newsreels became a standard part of U.S. movie screenings when the French film company Pathe began releasing weekly black-and-white features to theaters.
In 1940, the German Luftwaffe began a series of daylight air raids on Britain.
In 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan, two days after an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and several days before Tokyo surrendered.
In 1956, a fire in a Belgian coal mine trapped and killed 262 workers in the worst mining disaster in the country's history.
In 1968, Richard Nixon won the Republican nomination for president. He was elected in November, defeating Democrat Hubert Humphrey and independent George Wallace.
In 1988, military conservatives overthrew the government of Gen. Efrain Rios Montt in a coup, promising staunch anti-communism.
In 1988, the first night game at Chicago's Wrigley Field was played. The park was the last major league stadium to add lights for night baseball.
In 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein annexed Kuwait.
In 2003, U.S. leaders of the Episcopal Church approved a landmark local-option resolution on the issue of same-sex marriages, leaving it to local dioceses whether to bless unions of gay and lesbian couples. Church leaders earlier in the week approved their first openly gay bishop.
In 2010, U.N. officials estimated 1,600 people had been killed in monsoon-triggered flooding in Pakistan, and authorities said China's deadliest mudslides had claimed more than 1,100 lives. Hundreds of people were missing in the two disasters.
In 2018, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced plans to add a Popular Film category for the Oscars. The academy scrapped the plans less than a month later after backlash.
A thought for the day: "No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite." -- South African President Nelson Mandela