Today is Tuesday, July 7, the 189th day of 2020 with 177 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include Austrian composer Gustav Mahler in 1860; Russian painter Marc Chagall in 1887; film director George Cukor in 1899; baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Leroy "Satchel" Paige in 1906; bandleader Doc Severinsen in 1927 (age 93); singer Mary Ford in 1924; historian/author David McCullough in 1933 (age 87); former Beatle Ringo Starr, born Richard Starkey, in 1940 (age 80); film critic Joel Siegel in 1943; actor Joe Spano in 1946 (age 74); actor Shelley Duvall in 1949 (age 71); actor Billy Campbell in 1959 (age 61); comedian Jim Gaffigan in 1966 (age 54); actor Kirsten Vangsness in 1972 (age 48); figure skater Michelle Kwan in 1980 (age 40); singer Amber "Sevyn" Streeter in 1986 (age 34); actor Jack Whitehall in 1988 (age 32); singer Ally Brooke in 1993 (age 27).
On this date in history:
In 1846, U.S. Navy Commodore J.D. Sloat proclaimed the annexation of California by the United States.
In 1865, four people convicted of conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln were hanged in Washington.
In 1898, U.S. President William McKinley signed a joint resolution of Congress authorizing the annexation of Hawaii by the United States.
In 1930, construction began on the Giant Boulder Dam, which in 1947 was renamed the Hoover Dam.
In 1946, Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917) became the first American to be canonized a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1976, the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in New York enrolled female cadets for the first time in the institution's then-174-year-old history.
In 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor was chosen by U.S. President Ronald Reagan to become the first woman on the U.S. Supreme Court. She was unanimously approved by the Senate.
In 1999, a Miami-Dade County jury held the leading tobacco companies liable for various illnesses of Florida smokers. The class-action lawsuit, filed in 1994, was the first of its kind to reach trial.
In 2005, terrorists struck the London transit system, setting off explosions in three subway cars and a double-decker bus in coordinated rush-hour attacks. Fifty-two people were killed and more than 700 injured.
In 2010, a Paris court sentenced former Panama ruler Manuel Noriega to seven years in prison for money laundering. He was convicted of funneling about $3 million of Colombian drug money into French bank accounts.
In 2012, U.S. Rep. Barney Frank of Massachusetts married his longtime partner, Jim Ready, in a ceremony officiated by Gov. Deval Patrick. He was the first member of Congress to publicly come out as gay and first to marry a same-sex partner while in office.
In 2013, Andy Murray became the first British player in 77 years to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon, defeating Serb Novak Djokovic in straight sets in the championship match.
In 2016, a gunman opened fire at an otherwise peaceful Black Lives Matter rally in Dallas, killing four police officers and one transit officer, and injuring seven others. Police killed the gunmen, who was holed up in a parking garage, using a robot strapped with an explosive.
In 2017, Elon Musk's Tesla Motors produced its first mass-market vehicle, the Model 3.
In 2019, a toxic algae bloom shut down all the beaches along Mississippi's Gulf Coast.
A thought for the day: "Gay people have a different role than other minority groups. ... Very few black kids have ever had to worry about telling their parents that they were black." -- former Rep. Barney Frank