Today is Thursday, July 2, the 184th day of 2020 with 182 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include German novelist Hermann Hesse in 1877; King Olav V of Norway in 1903; former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall in 1908; singer/actor Ken Curtis in 1916; French fashion designer Pierre Cardin in 1922 (age 98); civil rights activist Medgar Evers in 1925; Imelda Marcos, wife of former Philippine President Fernando Marcos, in 1929 (age 91); Dave Thomas, Wendy's fast-food restaurant chain founder, in 1932; actor Polly Holliday in 1937 (age 83); former race car driver Richard Petty in 1937 (age 83); actor/director Ron Silver in 1946; writer/actor Larry David in 1947 (age 73); actor/model Jerry Hall in 1956 (age 64); actor Jimmy McNichol in 1961 (age 59); former baseball star Jose Canseco in 1964 (age 56); singer Jenni Rivera in 1969; figure skater Johnny Weir in 1984 (age 36); actor Ashley Tisdale in 1985 (age 35); actor Lindsay Lohan in 1986 (age 34); Alex Morgan, U.S. women's national soccer team, in 1989 (31); actor Margot Robbie in 1990 (age 30).
On this date in history:
In 1776, the Second Continental Congress formally adopted a resolution for independence from Britain.
In 1788, it was announced in the U.S. Congress that the new Constitution had been ratified by the required nine states, the ninth being New Hampshire.
In 1839, slaves being shipped to Cuba revolted and seized the ship Amistad, leading to an eventual end of the African slave market.
In 1881, U.S. President James Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a mentally unstable lawyer and office-seeker. Garfield died Sept. 19 and was succeeded by Vice President Chester Arthur. Guiteau was convicted and hanged in 1882.
In 1900, the world's first rigid airship was demonstrated by Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin in Germany.
In 1917, Greece declared war on the Central Powers, joining World War I on the side of Britain, France, Russia and Italy.
In 1934, 6-year-old Shirley Temple signed a contract with Fox Film Corp. She went on to become one of the biggest movie stars of the era. Her mother told United Press that to keep her daughter grounded, she would tell her "You're not so good as an actress, Shirley."
In 1937, U.S. aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Frederick Noonan were reported lost over the Pacific Ocean. They were never found.
In 1943, Lt. Charles Hall became the first African-American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane in World War II during an Allied assault on three Italian air bases. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower personally congratulated Hall when the escort squadron returned to base.
In 1962, the first Walmart store opened -- in Rogers, Ark. In May 2018, the retail outlet topped the Fortune 500 list for the sixth year in a row as the first U.S. company with $500 billion in yearly sales.
In 1964, the U.S. Civil Rights Act of 1964 became law with the signature of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
In 1976, North and South Vietnam reunited, forming the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and naming Hanoi the capital.
In 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court endorsed numerical hiring goals for minorities, rejecting the Reagan administration view that affirmative action be limited to proven victims of race discrimination.
In 1990, a stampede in a pedestrian tunnel at the Muslim holy city of Mecca during the annual hajj killed 1,426 pilgrims.
In 1992, the 1 millionth Corvette rolled off the production line in Bowling Green, Ky.
In 1993, Islamist extremists set fire to a hotel in Sivas, Turkey, in an apparent attempt to kill the translator of British author Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses. Thirty-five people died.
In 2000, Vicente Fox was elected president of Mexico.
In 2002, American Steve Fossett completed the first round-the-world solo flight in a balloon, reaching Queensland in the Australian outback to finish a 13-day, 19,428-mile trip that began in Western Australia.
In 2015, 62 people were killed in the Philippines when a crowded ferry carrying nearly 200 people abruptly capsized -- just minutes after it left port.
In 2019, the European Union elected German Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen as the first female leader of the European Commission.
A thought for the day: "Ending racial discrimination in jury selection can be accomplished only by eliminating peremptory challenges entirely." -- Supreme Court Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall