Today is Friday, Dec. 6, the 340th day of 2019 with 25 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mars, Mercury and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Sagittarius. They include England's King Henry VI in 1421; lyricist Ira Gershwin in 1896; writer/pianist Ève Curie in 1904; bank robber Lester "Baby Face" Nelson in 1908; jazz pianist Dave Brubeck in 1920; football Hall of Fame member Otto Graham in 1921; actor James Naughton in 1945 (age 74); filmmaker Shekhar Kapur in 1945 (age 74); actor JoBeth Williams in 1948 (age 71); actor Tom Hulce in 1953 (age 66); comedian Steven Wright in 1955 (age 64); filmmaker Nick Park in 1958 (age 61); Japanese businessman Satoru Iwata in 1959; actor Janine Turner in 1962 (age 57); director/screenwriter Judd Apatow in 1967 (age 52); writer Karl Ove Knausgård in 1968 (age 51); Ryan White, U.S. HIV/AIDS activist, in 1971; two-time Tour de France winner Alberto Contador in 1982 (age 37); Heisman Trophy-winning NFL quarterback Johnny Manziel in 1992 (age 27); actor Stefanie Scott in 1996 (age 23).
On this date in history:
In 1865, the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, abolishing slavery in the United States.
In 1877, The Washington Post published its first edition.
In 1907, in West Virginia's Marion County, an explosion in a network of mines owned by the Fairmont Coal Co. in Monongah killed 361 coal miners. It was the worst mining disaster in U.S. history.
In 1917, more than 1,900 people died in an explosion when a Belgian relief ship and a French munitions vessel collided in the harbor at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
In 1922, the Irish Free State, forerunner of the modern Republic of Ireland, was officially proclaimed.
In 1933, following the repeal of Prohibition, Americans crowded into liquor stores, bars and cafes to buy their first legal alcoholic beverages in 13 years.
In 1941, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a message to Japanese Emperor Hirohito expressing hope that gathering war clouds would be dispelled. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor the next day.
In 1969, the Altamont Speedway Free Festival was held in Northern California. The counterculture rock concert is best remembered for a number of violence incidents and accidents that left four people dead and dozens injured. The Rolling Stones, Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, and Jefferson Airplane performed.
In 1973, Gerald Ford was confirmed as vice president under Richard Nixon, replacing Spiro Agnew, who had resigned in the face of income tax-evasion charges.
In 1975, the U.S. Senate authorized a $2.3 billion emergency loan to save New York City from bankruptcy.
In 1995, Michael Jackson was hospitalized after collapsing on stage while rehearsing for an HBO special. Paramedics said he had low blood pressure.
In 2005, an Iranian military aircraft hit a 10-story residential building in Tehran and exploded shortly after takeoff, killing at least 128 people.
In 2017, President Donald Trump officially recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and announced plans to move the U.S. Embassy there from Tel Aviv. Palestinians and Muslims nations criticized the move because if a Palestinian nation is ever recognized, it would use East Jerusalem as a capital.
In 2018, scientists announced the discovery of one of the earliest and most primitive strains of bacteria responsible for pneumonic plague in the bones of a 20-year-old woman from the Neolithic period in modern-day Sweden.
A thought for the day: Canadian author L.M. Montgomery wrote, "A graveyard of buried hopes is about as romantic a thing as one can imagine."