Today is Tuesday, Aug. 20, the 232nd day of 2019 with 133 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Benjamin Harrison, 23rd president of the United States, in 1833; horror writer H.P. Lovecraft in 1890; baseball Hall of Fame member Al Lopez in 1908; boxing promoter Don King in 1931 (age 88); George Mitchell, former U.S. senator/diplomat, in 1933 (age 86); one-time presidential candidate/former U.S. Rep Ron Paul in 1935 (age 84); former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic in 1941; singer/songwriter Isaac Hayes in 1942; actor Sylvester McCoy in 1943 (age 76); former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1944; journalist Connie Chung in 1946 (age 73); singer Robert Plant in 1948 (age 71); science fiction writer Greg Bear in 1951 (age 68); musician John Hiatt in 1952 (age 67); TV personality Al Roker in 1954 (age 65); actor Joan Allen in 1956 (age 63); filmmaker David O. Russell in 1958 (age 61); singer Fred Durst in 1970 (age 49); actor Amy Adams in 1974 (age 45); actor Misha Collins in 1974 (age 45); actor Ben Barnes in 1981 (age 38); actor Andrew Garfield in 1983 (age 36); actor Alex Newell in 1992 (age 27); singer Demi Lovato in 1992 (age 27); actor Liana Liberato in 1995 (age 24).
On this date in history:
In 1741, Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovered what is now called Alaska.
In 1858, theories by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace regarding evolution were published in a British scholarly journal.
In 1968, about 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the "Prague Spring" -- a brief period of efforts to democratize socialism in the country.
In 1977, the second U.S. Voyager spacecraft -- one of two launched in 1977 -- left Cape Canaveral, Fla., bound for Jupiter and Saturn. The two Voyager space probes are still transmitting data.
In 1986, postal worker Patrick Henry Sherrill killed 14 fellow workers and wounded six others in the Edmond, Okla., post office before killing himself.
In 1989, 18-year-old Eric Menendez and 21-year-old Lyle Menendez -- the Menendez brothers -- killed their parents with a gun. The brothers were arrested in March and in 1996, both were convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
In 1996, U.S. President Bill Clinton signed into law an increase in the minimum wage in two steps from $4.25 to $5.15 an hour.
In 1998, U.S. missiles struck sites in Afghanistan and Sudan said to be linked with terrorists. The attacks were in response to the bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania 13 days earlier.
In 2003, Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was suspended after refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the state Supreme Court building.
In 2008, a Spanair jetliner crashed on takeoff in Madrid, killing 154 people and injuring many others. Observers said the left jet engine was on fire as the plane took off.
In 2009, the Libyan convicted of the 1968 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103, which exploded over Scotland killing 270 people, was freed from prison on compassionate grounds. Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, who had been sentenced to life in prison in 2001, had prostate cancer. He died in May 2012.
In 2011, two U.S. hikers who said they had wandered into Iran by mistake were sentenced to eight years in an Iranian prison for espionage. They were freed one month later and returned to the United States.
In 2012, former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and businesswoman Darla Moore became the first female members of Georgia's Augusta National Golf Club, site of the Masters, one of golf's most prestigious events. The club had long been under attack by women's rights groups, and others, for its all-male membership.
In 2014, mudslides caused by heavy rains killed about 70 people in residential areas on the outskirts of Hiroshima, Japan.
In 2018, Pope Francis acknowledged the failure of the Catholic Church to act on allegations of sexual abuse by priests against children.
A thought for the day: "Ignorance more frequently begets confidence than does knowledge: it is those who know little, not those who know much, who so positively assert that this or that problem will never be solved by science." -- Charles Darwin