Today is Tuesday, July 16, the 197th day of 2019 with 168 to follow.
The moon is full. Morning stars are Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune and Saturn.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Cancer. They include Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Christian Science Church, in 1821; journalist/civil rights activist Ida B. Wells-Barnett in 1862; Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen in 1872; baseball great/"Black Sox" scandal figure "Shoeless" Joe Jackson in 1887; actor Percy Kilbride ("Pa Kettle") in 1888; first U.N. Secretary-General Trygva Lie in 1896; popcorn tycoon Orville Redenbacher in 1907; actor Barbara Stanwyck in 1907; actor/dancer Ginger Rogers in 1911; actor Corin Redgrave in 1939; tennis Hall of Fame member Margaret Court in 1942 (age 77); football Hall of Fame member Jimmy Johnson in 1943 (age 76); Irish dancer Michael Flatley in 1958 (age 61); actor Phoebe Cates in 1963 (age 56); actor Will Ferrell in 1967 (age 52); football Hall of Fame member Barry Sanders in 1968 (age 51); actor Rain Pryor in 1969 (age 50); actor Corey Feldman in 1971 (age 48); soccer player Carli Lloyd in 1982 (age 37); actor Rosa Salazar in 1985 (age 34); singer James Maslow in 1990 (age 29); actor Alexandra Shipp in 1991 (age 28); singer Luke Hemmings in 1996 (age 23).
On this date in history:
In 1790, the U.S. Congress designated the District of Columbia as the permanent seat of the U.S. government.
In 1935, the world's first parking meter was installed in Oklahoma City.
In 1945, the first test of the atom bomb was conducted at a base near Alamogordo, N.M. Because the test was top secret, military officials issued a press release announcing the explosion of a remote ammunition dump in case civilians noticed the blast.
In 1951, J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye was published.
In 1959, Billie Holiday, considered one of the greatest jazz singers despite a tragic life, died of cardiac failure at age 44.
In 1969, Apollo 11, the first moon-landing mission, was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins.
In 1980, Ronald Reagan was unanimously nominated as the Republican candidate for president at the GOP National Convention in Detroit. He chose George H. W. Bush as his running mate after former President Gerald Ford declined to join the ticket.
In 1990, an earthquake struck Luzon Island in the Philippines, killing about 1,600 people.
In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, were killed in the crash of a single-engine plane in the Atlantic Ocean off the Massachusetts island of Martha's Vineyard. The son of former U.S. President John F. Kennedy was 39.
In 2004, TV personality and businesswoman Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of house arrest after being found guilty of conspiracy, obstruction of an agency proceeding and making false statements to federal investigators.
In 2015, four Marines were killed and three others seriously injured when a gunman opened fire at two U.S. military facilities in Chattanooga, Tenn. The attacker, Mohammad Youssef Abdulazeez, was killed by police in a gunfight.
In 2018, President Donald Trump said he didn't "see any reason why" Russia would have interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election after a summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Helsinki Finland.
A thought for the day: Neil Armstrong, recalling how it felt to look back at Earth from the surface of the moon: "I didn't feel like a giant. I felt very, very small."