Today is Sunday, April 21, the 111th day of 2019 with 254 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter and Mars.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include Russian ruler Catherine II -- "Catherine the Great" -- in 1729; German educator Friedrich Froebel, who established the concept of the kindergarten, in 1782; British novelist Charlotte Bronte in 1816; naturalist/author John Muir in 1838; German sociologist Max Weber in 1864; actor Anthony Quinn in 1915; British barrister/writer John Mortimer in 1923; Britain's Queen Elizabeth II in 1926 (age 93); comedian/actor/director Elaine May in 1932 (age 87); actor/director Charles Grodin in 1935 (age 84); anti-death penalty advocate Sister Helen Prejean in 1939 (age 80); singer Iggy Pop in 1947 (age 72); actor/singer Patti LuPone in 1949 (age 70); actor Tony Danza in 1951 (age 68); actor Andie MacDowell in 1958 (age 61); singer Robert Smith in 1959 (age 60); comedian/actor Rob Riggle in 1970 (age 49); Irish singer/songwriter Glen Hansard in 1970 (age 49); actor James McAvoy in 1979 (age 40); former pro football quarterback Tony Romo in 1980 (age 39); actor/TV personality Terrence J in 1982 (age 37); actor Gugu Mbatha-Raw in 1983 (age 36); actor Emma Tremblay in 2004 (age 15).
On this date in history:
In 1509, Henry VIII became king of England after his father, Henry VII, died.
In 1836, with the battle cry "Remember the Alamo!" Texas forces under Sam Houston defeated the army of Mexican Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at San Jacinto, Texas, opening the path to Texas independence.
In 1913, California state Sen. Ernest S. Birdsall of Placer County stated in an interview with United Press that the citizens of California demanded the prohibition of "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning farm land. The California Alien Land Law of 1913 was aimed at discouraging immigration to the state.
In 1918, Manfred von Richthofen, German World War I flying ace known as "The Red Baron," was killed by Allied fire over Vaux-sur-Somme, France.
In 1954, U.S. Air Force planes began flying French troops to Indochina to reinforce Dien Bien Phu. The city later fell to communist Viet Minh forces.
In 1960, Brasilia was inaugurated as Brazil's capital, moving the seat of government from Rio de Janeiro.
In 1967, a Greek army coup in Athens sent King Constantine into exile in Italy.
In 1975, Nguyen Van Thieu resigned as president of South Vietnam after denouncing the United States as untrustworthy. His replacement, Tran Van Huong, prepared for peace talks with North Vietnam as communist forces advanced on Saigon.
In 1987, the bombing of a bus terminal in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killed 127 people and injured 288.
In 1992, gas explosions ripped through the historic center of Guadalajara, Mexico, killing more than 200 people and injuring hundreds of others.
In 2005, the U.S. Senate approved the nomination of John Negroponte to be the nation's first national intelligence director.
In 2008, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced a link had been found between contaminated drug thinners from China and 81 deaths in the United States.
In 2011, John Ensign, R-Nev., resigned his U.S. Senate seat amid a budding ethics scandal. Ensign admitted an affair with his former campaign treasurer earlier and had been under Republican pressure to step down.
In 2017, a Taliban attack on Camp Shaheen near Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan, left more than 100 Afghan soldiers dead and dozens injured.
In 2018, Oakland Athletics lefty Sean Manaea threw the first no-hitter of the season in a 3-0 win against the Boston Red Sox.
A thought for the day: On her website, Steffi Graf, who won 22 tennis Grand Slam titles, said, "For me, the focus and energy level that I get from physically challenging myself on a daily basis -- not to mention the obvious health benefits -- is irreplaceable."