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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Dec. 8, 2018

On Dec. 8, 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed the first treaty between the two superpowers to reduce their massive nuclear arsenals.

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United Press International
President Ronald Reagan (R) and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev applaud after signing the historic arms control agreement banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles in the East Room of the White House on December 8, 1987. UPI File Photo
President Ronald Reagan (R) and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev applaud after signing the historic arms control agreement banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles in the East Room of the White House on December 8, 1987. UPI File Photo | License Photo

Today is Saturday, Dec. 8, the 342nd day of 2018 with 23 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Sagittarius. They include Mary Queen of Scots in 1542; Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin, in 1765; General Motors founder William Durant in 1861; French movie pioneer Georges Melies in 1861; Finnish composer Jean Sibelius in 1865; Mexican muralist Diego Rivera in 1886; entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. in 1925; actor Maximilian Schell in 1930; actor David Carradine in 1936; actor James MacArthur in 1937; Irish flutist James Galway in 1939 (age 79); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Jim Morrison in 1943; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Gregg Allman in 1947; writer Bill Bryson in 1951 (age 67); actor Kim Basinger in 1953 (age 65); actor Teri Hatcher in 1964 (age 54); political commentator Ann Coulter in 1961 (age 57); Irish singer/songwriter Sinead O'Connor in 1966 (age 52); rock singer Corey Taylor (Slipknot) in 1973 (age 45); actor Dominic Monaghan in 1976 (age 42); actor Ian Somerhalder in 1978 (age 40); singer Ingrid Michaelson in 1979 (age 39); rap artist Nicki Minaj, born Onika Tanya Maraj, in 1982 (age 36); actor AnnaSophia Robb in 1993 (age 25).

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On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: Gorbachev talks 'Star Wars' type missile defense

In 1886, delegates from 25 unions founded the American Federation of Labor, forerunner of the modern AFL-CIO, in Columbus, Ohio.

In 1941, President Roosevelt asked Congress to declare that "a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire" as a result of Japan's "unprovoked and dastardly attack."

In 1949, the Chinese Nationalist government, defeated by the Communists, retreated from the mainland to the island of Taiwan.

RELATED UPI Archives: Reagan, Gorbachev toast arms treaty

In 1980, former Beatle John Lennon was shot to death outside his apartment building in New York City. He was 40.

In 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed the first treaty between the two superpowers to reduce their massive nuclear arsenals.

In 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist when the republics of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine signed an agreement creating the Commonwealth of Independent States.

In 1993, U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), stating that free trade would lead to worldwide growth, equality, preservation of the environment and peace.

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In 1997, Jenny Shipley was sworn in as the first woman prime minister of New Zealand.

In 2004, the International Business Machines Corp., IBM, reported it was selling its personal computer business to Chinese rival Lenovo Group for $1.25 billion in cash and stock.

In 2005, a Southwest Airlines jetliner overshot a runway at Chicago's Midway International Airport in a snowstorm, crashing through a fence into a city street. A 6-year-old boy in a car hit by the plane was killed and at least 11 people were hurt.

In 2008, the suspected mastermind of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States and four co-defendants told a military judge at Guantanamo Bay that they wanted to confess to all charges of murder and war crimes.

In 2009, in what Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki called "cowardly terrorist attacks, a series of apparently coordinated car bombings in Baghdad killed 127 people, injured more than 450 and destroyed some government buildings.

In 2010, a prison fire south of Santiago, Chile, that apparently broke out after a fight between inmates killed at least 81 people and injured a dozen others.

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In 2012, Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti announced his resignation.


A thought for the day: "Peace is not the absence of conflict, it is the ability to handle conflict by peaceful means." -- Ronald Reagan

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