Oct. 1 (UPI) -- On this date in history:
In 1890, legislation is signed by President Benjamin Harrison creating Yosemite National Park, making it the nation's third National Park.
In 1903, the first World Series opened in Boston. It was a best-of-nine competition, won by the Boston Pilgrims of the American League over the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League.
In 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model-T automobile, selling it for $825, and changing the way Americans would travel throughout the country.
In 1918, Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence, better known as "Lawrence of Arabia," capture Damascus. Lawrence would prove instrumental in the establishment of a provisional Arab government under Prince Faisal.
In 1936, the rebel Nationalist government in Spain named Gen. Francisco Franco its leader. He would go on to be dictator of the country from 1939 until his death in 1975.
In 1938, Nazi troops march into the Sudetenland, annexing the German-speaking border regions of Czechoslovakia.
In 1962, James Meredith enrolled at the University of Mississippi, a campus littered with the debris of a major riot that took two lives and injured at least 75 persons, tearing down the barriers of segregation at the 114-year-old school.
In 1988, Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Supreme Soviet, the Soviet Union's legislative body, after the forced resignation of Andrei Gromyko.
In 1992, Dallas billionaire Ross Perot announced his candidacy for the presidency. He called his group the Reform Party.
In 1995, 10 Muslims were convicted of conspiring to conduct a terrorist campaign in the New York City area aimed at forcing the United States to drop its support of Egypt and Israel.
In 2005, 36 people, mostly foreign tourists, died in explosions at two resort restaurants on the island of Bali. More than 100 others were injured.
In 2010, White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel resigned to run for mayor of Chicago. He was elected.
In 2011, about 400 Occupy Wall Street protesters, close to half of those who took part in demanding U.S. social and economic policy change, were arrested by New York City police when they blocked traffic on the Brooklyn Bridge.
In 2013, a 16-day partial shutdown of the U.S. government began after Congress failed to approve a spending bill. The Office of Management and Budget later estimated the shutdown cost taxpayers $2 billion.
In 2017, a gunman on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas opened fire on a crowd attending a country music festival outside, killing 58 people and injuring hundreds of others.