On this date in history:
In 1701, Capt. William Kidd was hanged in London for piracy and murder.
In 1829, Cyrill Demian was granted a patent for his musical instrument called the accordion.
In 1900, U.S. Army Sgt. William H. Carney became the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. He was cited for his efforts during the Civil War battle of Fort Wagner, S.C., in June 1863.
In 1934, Clyde Barrow and his cigar-smoking sweetheart, Bonnie Parker, who lived by violence, died by violence after being ambushed by police in Bienville Parish, La.
In 1939, the U.S. Navy submarine Squalus went down off New Hampshire in 240 feet of water. Twenty-six men died. Thirty-three were saved in a daring rescue with a diving bell. The submarine was raised in September 1939 and recommissioned the USS Sailfish.
In 1991, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld federal regulations prohibiting federally funded women's clinics from discussing or advising abortion with patients.
In 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that California's overcrowded prisons violated the Eighth Amendment banning "cruel and unusual punishment."
In 2012, U.S. Secret Service Director Mark Sullivan apologized for a prostitution scandal involving 12 of agents in Colombia but said national security hadn't been compromised. Investigators said the agents, on a security detail in advance of a visit by President Barack Obama, had taken women to their hotel rooms.
In 2013, the Boy Scouts of America ended a century-old ban on openly gay scouts but still prohibited gay adult scout leaders.
In 2014, authorities said 22-year-old Elliot Rodger went on a stabbing and shooting rampage near UC Santa Barbara in Isla Vista, Calif., killing six people and injuring many others before taking his own life.
In 2017, President Donald Trump met with Pope Francis at the Vatican during the U.S. leader's first foreign trip since his election. The next day the president and first lady Melania Trump visited the Sistine Chapel.