Nov. 27 (UPI) -- On this date in history:
In 1901, the U.S. War Department authorized creation of the Army War College to instruct commissioned officers. It was built in Leavenworth, Kan.
In 1924, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade took place in New York.
In 1940, two months after Gen. Ion Antonescu seized power in Romania and forced King Carol II to abdicate, more than 60 aides of the exiled king, including Nicolae Iorga, a former minister and acclaimed historian, were executed.
In 1992, a fire destroyed parts of the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria, threatening the famous Lipizzaner stallions.
In 2003, U.S. President George W. Bush arrived in Iraq under the cover of darkness in a surprise visit to U.S. forces in Baghdad. The president mingled with troops gathered in a hangar for Thanksgiving dinner and joined the serving line, dishing out corn and sweet potatoes. Bush's 2 1/2 hour stay marked the first time a U.S. president traveled to Iraq.
In 2006, while deposed Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein awaited court-ordered execution on his earlier mass-murder conviction, Baghdad prosecutors resumed his second trial in which he and six others were charged with crimes against humanity in the deaths of up to 180,000 Kurds in 1987-88.
In 2009, golf superstar Tiger Woods was treated and released at a hospital after his car slammed into a fire hydrant and tree near his home in suburban Orlando, Fla. Police said Woods was unconscious and they were told his wife smashed a window with a golf club to pull him from the car.
In 2010, South Korea and the United States shrugged off North Korean warnings and started four days of naval exercises in the Yellow Sea. North Korea, which shelled a South Korean island a few days earlier in an effort to head off the exercises, warned the drills would move the region closer to "the brink of war."
In 2012, seven people stripped naked in U.S. House Speaker John Boehner's office to protest potential funding cuts for AIDS research. Three of the protesters, all women, were charged with lewd and indecent acts.
In 2015, a gunman was arrested following a shootout at a Planned Parenthood facility in Colorado Springs, Colo. The incident left three dead, including a University of Colorado at Colorado Springs police officer.