Oct. 30 (UPI) -- On this date in history:
In 1534, the Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Church of England, is passed by Parliament.
In 1817, Simon Bolivar established the independent government of Venezuela.
In 1864, "Last Chance Gulch" delivers gold for four prospectors in Montana and the town of Helena is born.
In 1918, the Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East and bringing about the dismantling of the more than 600-year-old kingdom.
In 1953, National Security Council Paper No. 162/2 is signed by President Dwight Eisenhower. The top secret document affirmed that the nuclear arsenal of the United States was to be maintained and expanded in an effort to counter the Soviet Union.
In 1961, the massive, 50 megaton hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba is detonated by the Soviet Union over Novaya Zemlya.
In 1983, the Rev. Jesse Jackson announced plans to become the first African American to mount a full-scale campaign for the Democratic Party presidential nomination in the United States.
In 1995, by a narrow margin, Quebec voters decided to remain a part of Canada.
In 2005, Indian authorities sent army divers to look for people trapped in a derailed train near Veligonda during massive flooding. Officials said 112 died in the train wreck and another 100 in floods.
In 2008, the U.S. gross domestic product dropped 0.3 percent, government officials said. It was the first decrease in the GDP in 17 years.
In 2010, security screening of cargo and air passengers in the United States, Britain and Canada was stepped up after bombs were found in packages from Yemen to two Chicago synagogues.