UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 16, 2017

On Oct. 16, 1987, Jessica McClure, a toddler who came to be known as "Baby Jessica," was rescued from a well in Texas, 58 hours after she first fell into it.
By United Press International  |  Oct. 16, 2017 at 3:00 AM
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Today is Monday, Oct. 16, the 289th day of 2017 with 76 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mars and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter and Saturn.

Those born on this day are under the sign of Libra. They include lexicographer Noah Webster in 1758; Irish author and dramatist Oscar Wilde in 1854; British statesman and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Austen Chamberlain in 1863; David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, in 1886; playwright Eugene O'Neill in 1888; Irish revolutionist Michael Collins in 1890; Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas in 1898; actor Angela Lansbury in 1925 (age 92); actor Barry Corbin in 1940 (age 77); actor Suzanne Somers in 1946 (age 71); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Bob Weir (Grateful Dead) in 1947 (age 70); film director David Zucker in 1947 (age 70); actor Tim Robbins in 1958 (age 59); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Flea (born Michael Balzary) (Red Hot Chili Peppers) in 1962 (age 55); actor Kellie Martin in 1975 (age 42); musician John Mayer in 1977 (age 40); actor Caterina Scorsone in 1981 (age 36); 2015 National League MVP Bryce Harper.

On this date in history:

In 1701, Yale University was founded.

In 1793, following her conviction for treason, French Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI, was beheaded on the Place de la Revolution.

In 1859, abolitionist John Brown led a raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Va. He was later convicted of treason and hanged.

In 1875, Brigham Young University was founded in Provo, Utah.

In 1916, the nation's first birth-control clinic was opened in New York by Margaret Sanger and two other women. Officials shut down the clinic 10 days later.

In 1934, about 100,000 men and women belonging to the communist Red Party in China began what would later be called The Long March. The followers of Mao Zedong marched some 6,000 miles fleeing the Nationalist forces.

In 1946, at Nuremberg, Germany, 10 high-ranking Nazi officials were executed by hanging for World War II war crimes. Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo and chief of the German air force, was to have been among them but killed himself in his cell the night before.

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs, collected by a U-2 spy plane two days earlier, had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba. This would mark the start of the most fraught 13 days of the 20th Century, the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

In 1964, China detonated its first atomic bomb.

In 1972, a light plane carrying U.S. House Majority Leader Hale Boggs of Louisiana, fellow Democratic Rep. Nick Begich of Alaska and his aide Russell Brown and pilot Don Jonz was reported missing on a flight from Anchorage to Juneau in Alaska. The plane was never found.

In 1973, North Vietnamese diplomat Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger, U.S. national security adviser, were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their Paris negotiations that led to a Vietnam War cease-fire agreement. Le Duc Tho refused to accept the award, saying ''peace has not yet been established.''

In 1978, Karol Jozef Wojtyla was elected pope and took the name John Paul II.

In 1984, black Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa won the Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle against apartheid.

In 1987, 18-month-old Jessica McClure was rescued from an abandoned well in Texas, 58 hours after she first fell into it. Her ordeal captured national attention and she came to be known affectionately as "Baby Jessica."

In 1991, police said George Hennard killed 22 people and then took his own life after driving his pickup truck through the front window of Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas.

In 2003, the U.N. Security Council unanimously passed a resolution endorsing a U.S.-led multinational force in Iraq.

In 2010, France was rocked by another day of massive protests against President Nicolas Sarkozy's plan to raise the retirement age. Estimates of the number of demonstrators in Paris and 200 other cities neared 3 million.

In 2011, British race car driver Dan Wheldon, 33-year-old two-time winner of the Indianapolis 500, died after a 15-car pileup at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway.

In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to block early voting in Ohio. The rejection, a victory for Democrats, meant all Ohio voters, not just the military, would be allowed to vote early on the weekend and Monday before Election Day.

In 2013, after weeks of bickering, the U.S. House and Senate approved legislation ending a partial government shutdown that lasted 16 days.

A thought for the day: "Extremes to the right and to the left of any political dispute are always wrong." -- Dwight D. Eisenhower

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