Today is Friday, Aug. 18, the 230th day of 2017 with 135 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning star is Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter and Mercury.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Virginia Dare, first English settler born in the American colonies, in 1587; explorer Meriwether Lewis in 1774; Chicago department store founder Marshall Field in 1834; cosmetics businessman Max Factor in 1904; actor Shelley Winters in 1920; former first lady Rosalynn Carter in 1927 (age 90); film director Roman Polanski in 1933 (age 84); baseball Hall of Fame member Roberto Clemente in 1934; Olympic gold medal winning decathlete Rafer Johnson in 1935 (age 82); actor Robert Redford in 1936 (age 81); actor Martin Mull in 1943 (age 74); actor Patrick Swayze in 1952; actor Denis Leary in 1957 (age 60); actor Madeleine Stowe in 1958 (age 59); actor Edward Norton in 1969 (age 48); actor Christian Slater in 1969 (age 48); actor Malcolm-Jamal Warner in 1970 (age 47); actor Kaitlin Olson in 1975 (age 42); actor Andy Samberg in 1978 (age 39); model Frances Bean Cobain in 1992 (age 25); actor Maia Mitchell in 1993 (age 24).
On this date in history:
In 1227, Genghis Khan, the Mongol leader who forged an empire stretching from the east coast of China west to the Aral Sea, died in camp during a campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.
In 1587, Virginia Dare was the first child of English parents to be born in the New World -- at Roanoke Island, part of what would become North Carolina.
In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land. The law took effect eight days later.
In 1960, the first commercially produced oral contraceptives went on the market.
In 1963, James Meredith graduated from the University of Mississippi. He was the first African American to attend the school, and his enrollment touched off deadly riots, necessitating the use of armed guards.
In 1976, U.S. President Gerald Ford was nominated in Kansas City, Mo., to head the Republican presidential ticket. He lost to Democrat Jimmy Carter in November.
In 1982, Lebanon and the Palestine Liberation Organization approved a plan for withdrawal of PLO fighters from besieged West Beirut. Israel approved it the following day.
In 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev was removed as president of the Soviet Union in a coup and replaced by hard-line Communists led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev. The coup collapsed after three days due to efforts by Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
In 2005, Dennis Rader, the Kansas man who called himself BTK -- for bind, torture, kill -- and confessed to slaying 10 people, was sentenced to 10 consecutive life terms.
In 2008, threatened by impeachment and badgered by faltering economy and security, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announced his resignation.
In 2009, Kim Dae-jung, who served as South Korean president from 1998 to 2003, died after a prolonged bout of pneumonia. The Nobel Peace Prize laureate was 85.
In 2010, U.S. combat forces completed their withdrawal from Iraq but 50,000 American troops remained, primarily as trainers.
In 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama formally called on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to resign "for the sake of the Syrian people." Obama also announced "unprecedented sanctions" to further isolate Syria financially.
In 2012, a small plane carrying Philippines Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo and three others crashed into the sea off the country's Masbate Island. A Robredo aide survived the crash. Divers later found the bodies of the secretary and two pilots.
In 2013, Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt, competing in Moscow, became the most decorated track and field athlete in World Championship history.
In 2014, James Jeffords, the Vermont U.S. senator who broke a 50-50 Senate deadlock in 2001 by leaving the Republican Party to become an Independent and caucus with the Democrats, died in Washington. He was 80.
A thought for the day: "Don't mistake politeness for lack of strength." -- Sonia Sotomayor