July 12 (UPI) -- On this date in history:
In 1862, the U.S. Congress authorized a new award, the Medal of Honor, highest military decoration for valor against an enemy.
In 1933, a U.S. industrial code was established to fix a minimum wage of 40 cents an hour.
In 1957, Dwight D. Eisenhower became the first sitting president to ride in a helicopter. He traveled in a Bell Ranger as part of a nationwide civil defense exercise. The presidential helicopter has always been called Marine One.
In 1962, the Rolling Stones gave their first public performance -- at the Marquee Club in London.
In 1984, Democratic presidential nominee Walter Mondale named U.S. Rep. Geraldine Ferraro, D-N.Y., as his running mate. She was the first woman to share a major U.S. political party's presidential ticket. Mondale lost in November to incumbent Ronald Reagan.
In 2013, a suicide bomber detonated his explosive vest in a Kirkuk, Iraq, coffee shop, killing at least 33 people and injuring more than two-dozen others. It was the latest in a wave of random attacks that killed more than 2,000 people in the country since April.