July 6 (UPI) -- On this date in history:
In 1854, the Republican Party was formally established at a meeting in New York City.
In 1885, French bacteriologist Louis Pasteur inoculated a human being for the first time -- a boy, who had been bitten by a rabid dog. The youngster didn't develop rabies.
In 1919, a British dirigible landed at New York's Roosevelt Field to complete the first airship crossing of the Atlantic.
In 1923, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.
In 1942, diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge in a secret section of an Amsterdam warehouse where they hid from the Nazis for two years. Finally discovered, they were sent to concentration camps. Anne died in a camp.
In 1944, fire in the big top of the Ringling Brothers, Barnum and Bailey Circus in Hartford, Conn., killed 167 people, two-thirds of them children, and injured 682 others.
In 1957, Althea Gibson became the first African-American competitor to win a Wimbledon championship.
In 1958, Alaska became the 49th U.S. state.
In 1971, Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong, one of the 20th century's most influential American musicians, died at age 69.
In 1976, women were first admitted to the U.S. Naval Academy. The other military academies soon followed suit.
In 1984, U.S. President Ronald Reagan, in a TV interview, said it was a "probability" that many young people now paying into Social Security "will never be able to receive as much as they're paying."
In 2011, the International Olympic Committee awarded the 2018 Winter Olympic Games to PyeongChang, set in the mountains of South Korea, 110 miles east of Seoul. PyeongChang was host of the 2013 Special Olympics.
In 2013, an Asiana Airlines Boeing 777 carrying more than 300 people hit a sea wall in front of a runway on approach at San Francisco International Airport -- a crash that resulted in three fatalities and scores of injuries.
In 2016, a police officer in St. Anthony, Minn., shot and killed Philando Castile while he reached for his wallet during a traffic stop, sparking protests and accusations of racism. Officer Jeronimo Yanez was acquitted of three felony charges related to the shooting on June 16, 2017.