UPI Almanac for Sunday, April 23, 2017

On April 23, 1993, labor leader and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez, who co-founded the United Farm Workers (UFW) union, died at age 66.

By United Press International
United Farm Workers (UFW) President Cesar Chavez (L) is accompanied by San Francisco supervisor Bob Gonzales (R) as they march in a picket line outside a supermarket in San Francisco on March 22, 1979. UPI File Photo
1 of 5 | United Farm Workers (UFW) President Cesar Chavez (L) is accompanied by San Francisco supervisor Bob Gonzales (R) as they march in a picket line outside a supermarket in San Francisco on March 22, 1979. UPI File Photo | License Photo

Today is Sunday, April 23, the 113th day of 2017 with 252 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Venus. Evening stars are Mercury, Mars and Jupiter.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include English playwright William Shakespeare in 1564; James Buchanan, 15th president of the United States, in 1791; Nobel Prize-winning physicist Max Planck in 1858; Russian composer Sergei Prokofiev in 1891; Canadian Prime Minister/Nobel Peace Prize laureate Lester Pearson in 1897; baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Warren Spahn in 1921; actor/diplomat Shirley Temple Black in 1928; distance runner/author Jim Fixx in 1932; singer Roy Orbison in 1936; actor Lee Majors in 1939 (age 78); actor David Birney in 1939 (age 78); actor Sandra Dee in 1942; actor Herve Villechaize in 1943; actor Joyce DeWitt in 1949 (age 68); documentarian Michael Moore in 1954 (age 63); actor Jan Hooks in 1957; actor Valerie Bertinelli in 1960 (age 57); actor George Lopez in 1961 (age 56); actor Melina Kanakaredes in 1967 (age 50) ; Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh in 1968; actor Kal Penn in 1977 (age 40).


On this date in history:

In 1635, the first public school in America, the Boston Latin School, was opened.

In 1898, the first movie theater opened at the Koster and Bials Music Hall in New York City.

In 1914, Chicago's Wrigley Field, then known as Weeghman Park, hosts its first baseball game when the Chicago Chi-Feds beat the Kansas City Packers 9-1.

In 1940, a fire at the River Club in Natchez, Miss., claimed the lives of 209 people, mostly African Americans, in what is now ranked as the fourth deadliest building fire in U.S. history.

In 1965, more than 200 U.S. planes struck North Vietnam in one of the heaviest raids of the Vietnam War.

In 1985, former U.S. Sen. Sam Ervin died at age 88. The North Carolina Democrat directed the Senate Watergate investigation that led to President Richard Nixon's resignation.

In 1993, United Farm Workers founder Cesar Chavez died at age 66.

In 2002, Pope John Paul II met with U.S. cardinals and addressed the sexual abuse scandal that rocked the Roman Catholic Church. The pope said, "The abuse which has caused this crisis is by every standard wrong and rightly considered a crime by society; it is also an appalling sin in the eyes of God. To the victims and their families, wherever they may be, I express my profound sense of solidarity and concern."


In 2006, Hungary's Socialist-Liberal coalition recaptured government control by a comfortable majority in parliamentary elections.

In 2007, former Russian President Boris Yeltsin, who faced down army tanks during the fall of the Soviet Union, died of cardiac arrest at the age of 76.

In 2008, the U.S. Defense Department announced that Army Gen. David Petraeus, top American military official in Iraq, was chosen to head the Central Command, overseeing military affairs in the Middle East and Central Asia, including the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

In 2010, Arizona enacted a law requiring local governments and police to crack down on illegal immigrants. The law, among other things, made it a state crime to be in the United States illegally and eased the process of making arrests.

In 2013, U.S. President Obama honored Teacher of the Year Jeff Charbonneau of Zillah, Wash. in a ceremony at the White House Rose Garden. Quoting Charbonneau, Obama said a teacher's "greatest accomplishments are revealed each time a student realizes that he or she has an unlimited potential."


In 2014, Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal signed a so-called guns everywhere bill that allows Georgians with concealed-carry permits to take their licensed firearms to churches, bars, school zones and certain government buildings.

A thought for the day: "It's useless to hold a person to anything he says while he's in love, drunk, or running for office." -- Shirley MacLaine

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