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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Jan. 28, 2017

On Jan. 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded 72 seconds after launch from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members, including civilian teacher Christa McAuliffe.

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United Press International
Main engine exhaust, solid rocket booster plume and an expanding ball of gas from the external tank is visible seconds after the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger on January 28, 1986. At 11:39 a.m. EST, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion 73 seconds after launch. NASA/UPI
Main engine exhaust, solid rocket booster plume and an expanding ball of gas from the external tank is visible seconds after the launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger on January 28, 1986. At 11:39 a.m. EST, the Space Shuttle Challenger and her seven-member crew were lost when a ruptured O-ring in the right Solid Rocket Booster caused an explosion 73 seconds after launch. NASA/UPI | License Photo

Today is Saturday, Jan. 28, the 28th day of 2017 with 337 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Saturn and Mercury. Evening stars are Neptune, Venus, Mars and Uranus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Aquarius. They include Roman Catholic St. Thomas Aquinas in 1225; Canadian Prime Minister and statesman Alexander MacKenzie in 1822; British explorer Henry Morton Stanley in 1841; Cuban revolutionary and poet Jose Marti in 1853; French novelist Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette in 1873; concert pianist Arthur Rubinstein in 1887; abstract expressionist painter Jackson Pollock in 1912; musician Acker Bilk in 1929; sculptor Claes Oldenburg in 1929 (age 88); actor Alan Alda in 1936 (age 81); actor Susan Howard in 1944 (age 73); former Liberian leader Charles Taylor in 1948 (age 69); ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov in 1948 (age 69); former French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 1955 (age 62); singer Sarah McLachlan in 1968 (age 49); comedian Mo Rocca in 1969 (age 48); actor Elijah Wood in 1981 (age 36); singer Joey Fatone in 1977 (age 40); singer Nick Carter in 1980 (age 37).

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On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Audio: Challenger Disaster

In 1547, Henry VIII died and 9-year-old Edward VI became king of England.

In 1782, the U.S. Congress authorized creation of the great seal of the United States.

In 1813, Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen was published.

RELATED Stunned students watch shuttle explode with teacher aboard

In 1878, the first commercial telephone switchboard began operation in New Haven, Conn.

In 1958, the Lego Group received a patent for its toy building blocks.

In 1965, the Canadian Parliament accepted a new national flag design that included a red maple leaf in its center.

In 1974, Israel lifted its siege of Suez City and turned over 300,000 square miles of Egyptian territory to the United Nations, ending an occupation that had begun during the October 1973 war.

In 1982, kidnapped U.S. Army Brig. Gen. James Dozier was rescued in Padua, Italy, after being held 42 days by Italian Red Brigades militants.

In 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded 72 seconds after launch from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members, including civilian teacher Christa McAuliffe.

In 1995, the United States and Vietnam agreed to exchange low-level diplomats and open liaison offices in each other's capital cities.

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In 1997, five former police officers in South Africa admitted to killing anti-apartheid activist Stephen Biko, who died in police custody in 1977 and whose death had been officially listed as an accident.

In 2004, the chief U.S. weapons inspector in Iraq told congressional government officials "were almost all wrong" in believing Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and called for an outside independent investigation of the apparent intelligence failure.

In 2005, Condoleezza Rice was sworn in as the 66th U.S. secretary of state.

In 2009, the World Health Organization said more than 3,000 people died of cholera during an outbreak in Zimbabwe.

In 2013, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands announced she would end her 33-year rule in April.

In 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama pledged in his State of the Union address to do all he could, using executive orders if necessary, to expand opportunities for U.S. families. Obama said, "So wherever and whenever I can take steps without legislation to expand opportunity for more American families, that's what I'm going to do,"

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A thought for the day: "Getting ahead in a difficult profession requires avid faith in yourself. That is why some people with mediocre talent, but with great inner drive, go much further than people with vastly superior talent." -- Sophia Loren

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