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UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 23, 2016

On Oct. 23, 1983, suicide bomb attacks on peacekeeping troops in Beirut killed 241 U.S. Marines and 58 French soldiers.

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United Press International
Service members pick through the rubble following the bombing of the USMC barracks in Beirut, Lebanon on Oct. 23, 1983. The terror attack resulted in the deaths of 220 Marines. File Photo by USMC/UPI
Service members pick through the rubble following the bombing of the USMC barracks in Beirut, Lebanon on Oct. 23, 1983. The terror attack resulted in the deaths of 220 Marines. File Photo by USMC/UPI

Today is Sunday, Oct. 23, the 297th day of 2016 with 69 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter and Mercury. Evening stars are Venus, Saturn, Mars, Neptune and Uranus.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Adlai E. Stevenson I, U.S. vice president under Grover Cleveland (1893-97), in 1835; pioneering college football Coach John Heisman, for whom the Heisman Trophy is named; in 1869; William Coolidge, inventor of the X-ray tube, in 1873; vaudevillian Milton "Gummo" Marx in 1892; golf Hall of Fame member Harvey Penick in 1904; Gertrude Ederle, the first woman to swim the English Channel, in 1905; former Tonight Show host Johnny Carson in 1925; pro golfer Juan "Chi Chi" Rodriguez in 1935 (age 81); Brazilian soccer star Pele (Edson Arantes do Nascimento) in 1940 (age 76); author Michael Crichton in 1942; filmmaker Ang Lee in 1954 (age 62); singers Dwight Yoakam in 1956 (age 60) and "Weird Al" Yankovic in 1959 (age 57); television talk show host Nancy Grace, also in 1959 (age 57); former football stars Doug Flutie and Mike Tomczak, both in 1962 (age 54); actor Ryan Reynolds in 1976 (age 40) and political activist Meghan McCain in 1984 (age 32).

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On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: Reagan denounces bombings, says U.S. won't be driven out

In 1707, the British Parliament met for the first time.

In 1915, an estimated 25,000 women marched in New York City demanding the right to vote throughout the United States.

In 1942, the British Eighth Army launched an offensive at El Alamein in Egypt, a World War II battle that eventually swept the Germans out of North Africa.

RELATED UPI Archives: "It was devastation, bodies everywhere"

In 1945, Jackie Robinson, the first black baseball player hired by a major league team, was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers and sent to their Montreal farm team. He moved up to the Dodgers in 1947 and became one of the sport's greatest stars.

In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy signs Proclamation 3504, authorizing the naval blockade of Cuba following the discovery of Soviet missiles on the island.

RELATED UPI Archives: Lebanon's deadliest incident against U.S. , French peacekeepers

In 1972, earthquakes killed more than 10,000 people in Nicaragua.

In 1983, suicide bomb attacks on peacekeeping troops in Beirut killed 241 U.S. Marines and 58 French soldiers. Warnings ignored, defenses left vulnerable in attack on Marines in Lebanon.

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In 1987, the U.S. Senate rejected U.S. President Ronald Reagan's nomination of Judge Robert Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court by the biggest margin in history, 58-42.

In 1989, Hungary formally declared an end to 40 years of communist rule and proclaimed itself a republic, setting the stage for creation of Western-style democracy in the Eastern Bloc state.

In 1995, the U.S. Defense Department announced it was ending a program designed to help minority-owned firms secure government contracts.

In 1998, Dr. Barnett Slepian, an obstetrician who performed abortions, was killed by a sniper who fired a bullet through a window of Slepian's home in Amherst, N.Y.

In 2005, a Nigerian plane crashed shortly after takeoff from Lagos, killing all 117 people aboard.

In 2006, Panamanians voted overwhelmingly to support a proposal to expand the Panama Canal to allow larger ships to pass through.

In 2008, former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan told a U.S. House committee the United States is "in the midst of a once-in-a-century credit tsunami" that left him in a state of "shocked disbelief."

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In 2010, Prime Minister David Thompson of the Caribbean nation of Barbados died of pancreatic cancer. He was 48.

In 2011, southeastern Turkey was struck by a 7.2-magnitude earthquake that killed more than 600 people and injured about 4,100.

In 2013, two days after a 12-year-old boy with a gun killed a teacher, wounded two children and then killed himself at a middle school in Nevada, a 24-year-old math teacher at Danvers High School in Massachusetts, Colleen Ritzer, was found dead in woods near the school. A 14-year-old boy was arrested on charges including aggravated rape and murder.


A thought for the day: "The advancement of knowledge must be translated into increasing health and education for the children." -- Herbert Hoover

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