Today is Sunday, Oct. 16, the 290th day of 2016 with 76 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter and Mercury. Evening stars are Venus, Saturn, Mars, Neptune and Uranus.
Those born on this day are under the sign of Libra. They include lexicographer Noah Webster in 1758; Irish author and dramatist Oscar Wilde in 1854; British statesman and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Austen Chamberlain in 1863; David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, in 1886; playwright Eugene O'Neill in 1888; Irish revolutionist Michael Collins in 1890; Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas in 1898; baseball Hall of Fame member Goose Goslin in 1900; orchestra leader and songwriter Bert Kaempfert in 1923; German novelist Gunter Grass in 1927 (age 89); actors Linda Darnell in 1923, Angela Lansbury in 1925 (age 91), Nico in 1938, Barry Corbin in 1940 (age 76) and Suzanne Somers in 1946 (age 70); basketball Hall of Fame member Dave DeBusschere in 1940; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Bob Weir (Grateful Dead) and film director David Zucker, both in 1947 (age 69); actors Tim Robbins in 1958 (age 58) and Kellie Martin in 1975 (age 41); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Flea (born Michael Balzary) (Red Hot Chili Peppers) in 1962 (age 54); and musician John Mayer in 1977 (age 39).
On this date in history:
In 1701, Yale University was founded.
In 1793, following her conviction for treason, French Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI, was beheaded on the Place de la RÃ©volution.
In 1859, abolitionist John Brown led a raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Va. He was later convicted of treason and hanged.
In 1875, Brigham Young University was founded in Provo, Utah.
In 1916, the nation's first birth-control clinic was opened in New York by Margaret Sanger and two other women.
In 1946, at Nuremberg, Germany, 10 high-ranking Nazi officials were executed by hanging for World War II war crimes. Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo and chief of the German air force, was to have been among them but committed suicide in his cell the night before.
In 1962, President John F. Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs, collected by a U-2 spy plane two days earlier, had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba. This would mark the start of the most fraught 13 days of the 20th Century, the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
In 1964, China detonated its first atomic bomb.
In 1972, a light plane carrying U.S. House Majority Leader Hale Boggs of Louisiana, fellow Democratic Rep. Nick Begich of Alaska and his aide Russell Brown and pilot Don Jonz was reported missing on a flight from Anchorage to Juneau in Alaska. The plane was never found.
In 1973, North Vietnamese diplomat Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger, U.S. national security adviser, were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their Paris negotiations that led to a Vietnam War cease-fire agreement. Le Duc Tho refused to accept the award, saying ''peace has not yet been established.''
In 1978, Karol Jozef Wojtyla was elected pope and took the name John Paul II.
In 1984, black Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa won the Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle against apartheid.
In 1991, police said George Hennard killed 22 people and then took his own life after driving his pickup truck through the front window of Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas.
In 2003, the U.N. Security Council unanimously passed a resolution endorsing a U.S.-led multinational force in Iraq.
In 2004, the World Health Organization said smoke from home stoves and fires in developing countries had become a major cause of death and disease.
In 2010, France was rocked by another day of massive protests against President Nicolas Sarkozy's plan to raise the retirement age. Estimates of the number of demonstrators in Paris and 200 other cities neared 3 million.
In 2011, British race car driver Dan Wheldon, 33-year-old two-time winner of the Indianapolis 500, died after a 15-car pileup at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway.
In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to block early voting in Ohio. The rejection, a victory for Democrats, meant all Ohio voters, not just the military, would be allowed to vote early on the weekend and Monday before Election Day.
In 2013, after weeks of bickering, the U.S. House and Senate approved legislation ending a partial government shutdown that lasted 16 days.
A thought for the day: "Extremes to the right and to the left of any political dispute are always wrong." -- Dwight D. Eisenhower