Today is Thursday, Aug. 18, the 231st day of 2016 with 135 to follow.
The moon is full. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Venus, Mercury, Mars, Saturn and Neptune.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include Virginia Dare, first English settler born in the American colonies, in 1587; Italian composer Antonio Salieri in 1750; explorer Meriwether Lewis in 1774; Chicago department store founder Marshall Field in 1834; songwriter Otto Harbach ("Smoke Gets In Your Eyes") in 1873; cosmetics businessman Max Factor in 1904; former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in 1917; actor Shelley Winters in 1920; former first lady Rosalynn Carter in 1927 (age 89); film director Roman Polanski in 1933 (age 83); baseball Hall of Fame member Roberto Clemente in 1934; Olympic gold medal winning decathlete Rafer Johnson in 1935 (age 81); actor Robert Redford in 1936 (age 80); actor Martin Mull in 1943 (age 73); actor Patrick Swayze in 1952; actor Denis Leary in 1957 (age 59); actor Madeleine Stowe in 1958 (age 58); actor Edward Norton in 1969 (age 47); actor Christian Slater in 1969 (age 47); actor Malcolm-Jamal Warner in 1970 (age 46).
On this date in history:
In 1227, Genghis Khan, the Mongol leader who forged an empire stretching from the east coast of China west to the Aral Sea, died in camp during a campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia.
In 1587, Virginia Dare was the first child of English parents to be born in the New World -- at Roanoke Island, part of what would become North Carolina.
In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, was ratified by Tennessee, giving it the two-thirds majority of state ratification necessary to make it the law of the land. The law took effect eight days later.
In 1960, the first commercially produced oral contraceptives went on the market.
In 1963, James Meredith graduated from the University of Mississippi. He was the first African American to attend the school, and his enrollment touched off deadly riots, necessitating the use of armed guards.
In 1976, U.S. President Gerald Ford was nominated in Kansas City, Mo., to head the Republican presidential ticket. He lost to Democrat Jimmy Carter in November.
In 1982, Lebanon and the Palestine Liberation Organization approved a plan for withdrawal of PLO fighters from besieged West Beirut. Israel approved it the following day.
In 2008, threatened by impeachment and badgered by faltering economy and security, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announced his resignation.
In 2010, U.S. combat forces completed their withdrawal from Iraq but 50,000 American troops remained, primarily as trainers.
In 2011, U.S. President Barack Obama formally called on Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to resign "for the sake of the Syrian people." Obama also announced "unprecedented sanctions" to further isolate Syria financially.
In 2012, a small plane carrying Philippines Interior Secretary Jesse Robredo and three others crashed into the sea off the country's Masbate Island. A Robredo aide survived the crash. Divers later found the bodies of the secretary and two pilots.
In 2014, James Jeffords, the Vermont U.S. senator who broke a 50-50 Senate deadlock in 2001 by leaving the Republican Party to become an Independent and caucus with the Democrats, died in Washington. He was 80.
A thought for the day: "Don't mistake politeness for lack of strength." -- Sonia Sotomayor