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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 13, 2016

On Aug. 13, 1961, East Germany closed the Brandenburg Gate and prepared to start building the Berlin Wall.

By United Press International
Under the watchful eye of the Communist police, East German workers near the Bradenburg Gate reinforce the wall dividing the city in October 1961. Since erecting the wall on August 13, 1961, to stop the flow of East Germans into West Berlin, the East German Communists have added bunkers, spotlights and firing and observation posts. Photo by IPS/U.S. Archives/UPI
Under the watchful eye of the Communist police, East German workers near the Bradenburg Gate reinforce the wall dividing the city in October 1961. Since erecting the wall on August 13, 1961, to stop the flow of East Germans into West Berlin, the East German Communists have added bunkers, spotlights and firing and observation posts. Photo by IPS/U.S. Archives/UPI

Today is Saturday, Aug. 13, the 226th day of 20164 with 140 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Venus, Mercury, Mars, Saturn and Neptune.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include social reformer Lucy Stone in 1818; sharpshooter Annie Oakley in 1860; Scottish inventor John Baird, a pioneer in television technology, in 1888; actor Bert Lahr (Cowardly Lion in "The Wizard of Oz") in 1895; actor Regis Toomey in 1898; actor Charles "Buddy" Rogers in 1904; film director Alfred Hitchcock in 1899; bandleader Skinnay Ennis in 1907; golf Hall of Fame member Ben Hogan in 1912; actor Neville Brand in 1920; former Cuban President Fidel Castro in 1926 (age 90); actor Pat Harrington Jr. in 1929 (age 87); singer Don Ho in 1930; former U.S. Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders in 1933 (age 83); opera singer Kathleen Battle in 1948 (age 68); hockey Hall of Fame member Bobby Clarke in 1949 (age 67); pop singer Dan Fogelberg in 1951; actor/announcer Danny Bonaduce in 1959 (age 57); entrepreneur Kevin Plank (Under Armour) in 1972 (age 44); Olympic gold medal speed skater Shani Davis in 1982 (age 34).

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On this date in history:

RELATED UPI Archives: East Berlin a city under siege

In 1889, William Gray patented the coin-operated telephone.

In 1930, Capt. Frank Hawkes set an air speed record by flying from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes.

In 1947, more than 400 million people living in Hindustan and Pakistan gained their independence from Britain.

RELATED UPI Archives: W. Berlins jeer, E. Germans fire tear gas

In 1961, East Germany closed the Brandenburg Gate and prepared to start building the Berlin Wall.

In 1980, U.S. President Jimmy Carter was nominated for a second term by the Democratic National Convention in New York. He lost in November to Ronald Reagan.

In 1990, singer/songwriter Curtis Mayfield was left paralyzed when he was hit by a wind-blown lighting rig on an outdoor stage in New York. He died in 1999.

RELATED UPI Archives: The beginnings of the Berlin Wall

In 1994, North Korea agreed to allow U.N. monitors to inspect a secret nuclear laboratory.

In 2004, the Summer Olympics opened in Athens, Greece, with a record 202 countries and 10,500 athletes taking part.

In 2008, Bill Gwatney, chairman of the Arkansas Democratic Party and a former legislator, was shot to death in his Little Rock office. After a 30-mile chase, a suspect was killed by police in an exchange of gunfire. A motive for Gwatney's killing was never determined.

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In 2012, U.S. President Barack Obama told a campaign crowd in Iowa the result of the 2012 presidential election "will impact your lives and your children's lives for decades to come."

In 2013, Israel released 26 Palestinian prisoners as part of a deal to resume peace talks.

In 2014, Brazilian presidential candidate Eduardo Campos was among seven people killed in a plane crash southeast of Sao Paulo.


A thought for the day: "I think being a liberal, in the true sense, is being non-doctrinaire, non-dogmatic, non-committed to a cause, but examining each case on its merits. Being left of center is another thing; it's a political position." -- Walter Cronkite

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