UPI Almanac for Saturday, Jan. 9, 2016

Battle of Gallipoli ends with Ottoman victory, U.N. headquarters opened in New York ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  Jan. 9, 2016 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Saturday, Jan. 9, the ninth day of 2016 with 357 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mars and Saturn. The evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include women's suffrage and peace movement leader Carrie Chapman Catt in 1859; pioneer psychologist John Watson in 1878; Czech writer Karel Capek in 1890; cartoonist Chic Young, who created the comic strip "Blondie," in 1901; French novelist Simone de Beauvoir in 1908; actor Gypsy Rose Lee in 1911; Richard Nixon, 37th president of the United States, in 1913; actor Fernando Lamas in 1915; actor, Lee Van Cleef in 1925; author Judith Krantz in 1928 (age 88); football Hall of Fame member Bart Starr in 1934 (age 82); actor Bob Denver in 1935; sportscaster Dick Enberg in 1935 (age 81); actor Susannah York in 1939; singer Joan Baez in 1941 (age 75); musician Jimmy Page (Led Zeppelin) in 1944 (age 72); country singer Crystal Gayle in 1951 (age 65); actor Imelda Staunton in 1956 (age 60); Guatemalan activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Rigoberta Menchu in 1959 (age 56); actor Joely Richardson in 1965 (age 51); bandleader Dave Matthews in 1967 (age 49); golfer Sergio Garcia in 1980 (age 36); and Kate Middleton, wife of Britain's Prince William, in 1982 (age 34).

On this day in history:

In 1768, Philip Astley, regarded as the "father of the modern circus," staged the first event in an open field at what is now the Waterloo area of London.

In 1788, Connecticut became the fifth U.S. state.

In 1861, Mississippi seceded from the Union, becoming a founding member of the Confederate States of America.

In 1916, the Ottoman Empire claimed victory in the Battle of Gallipoli following the evacuation of Allied forces from the peninsula.

In 1945, in World War II, U.S. troops landed on the Philippine island of Luzon, beginning a battle that would rage on for eight months.

In 1947, Elizabeth Short, more commonly known as the Black Dahlia, disappears. Her body was found six days later.

In 1951, the U.N. headquarters opened in New York.

In 1972, the luxury liner Queen Elizabeth was gutted by fire while docked in Hong Kong.

In 1996, rebels in the Russian republic of Chechnya overran the town of Kizlyar and took 2,000 hostages at a hospital and in nearby homes.

In 2005, Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip elected Mahmoud Abbas their new president. He succeeded the late Yasser Arafat.

In 2007, the world changed when Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone.

In 2007, Venezuelan stock prices fell almost 19 percent -- the biggest drop on record -- and its currency lost almost one-third of its value after President Hugo Chavez pledged to nationalize the country's utilities.

In 2011, an IranAir Boeing 727 with 105 people aboard crashed shortly before it was scheduled to land in northwestern Iran. Authorities said there were 50 survivors.

In 2013, federal officials said an influenza outbreak in the United States was the country's worst in a decade.

In 2014, as part of an agreement to end a political deadlock, Tunisian Prime Minister Ali Laarayedh resigned to let a caretaker government oversee the next elections. Mehdi Jomaa, the minister of industry, became acting PM.

A thought for the day: "Don't knock the weather; nine-tenths of the people couldn't start a conversation if it didn't change once in a while." -- Kin Hubbard

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