UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 29, 2015

YMCA's first chapter opens in Boston, more than 200 killed in Wounded Knee Massacre ... on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  Dec. 29, 2015 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Tuesday, Dec. 29, the 363rd day of 2015 with two to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter and Saturn. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Capricorn. They include Scottish chemist Charles Macintosh, who patented a waterproof fabric, in 1766; industrialist Charles Goodyear in 1800; Andrew Johnson, 17th president of the United States, in 1808; British statesman William Gladstone in 1809; band leader Clyde "Sugar Blues" McCoy in 1903; former Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley in 1917; golf course designer Pete Dye in 1925 (age 90); actors Inga Swenson in 1932 (age 83), Ed Flanders in 1934, Mary Tyler Moore in 1936 (age 79) and Jon Voight in 1938 (age 77); football Hall of Fame member Ray Nitschke in 1936; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Rick Danko (The Band) in 1942; singer Marianne Faithfull in 1946 (age 69); actors Ted Danson in 1947 (age 68) and Jon Polito in 1950 (age 65); singer Yvonne Elliman in 1951 (age 64); comedian Paula Poundstone in 1959 (age 56); television journalist Ashleigh Banfield in 1967 (age 48); and actor Jude Law in 1972 (age 43).

On this date in history:

In 1170, Anglican churchman/politician Thomas Becket was killed at England's Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1845, Texas was admitted into the United States as the 28th state.

In 1848, gaslights were installed at the White House for the first time.

In 1851, the first chapter of the Young Men's Christian Association -- the YMCA -- opened in Boston.

In 1890, more than 200 Indian men, women and children were massacred by the U.S. 7th Cavalry at Wounded Knee Creek, S.D.

In 1940, London suffered its most devastating air raid when Germans firebombed the city.

In 1975, a terrorist bomb exploded at LaGuardia Airport in New York City, killing 11 people and injuring 75.

In 1983, the United States announced its withdrawal from UNESCO, charging the U.N. cultural and scientific organization was biased against Western nations.

In 1989, playwright Vaclav Havel was sworn in as the first non-communist president of Czechoslovakia since 1948.

In 1992, a Cuban airliner was hijacked to Miami as part of a mass defection. Forty-eight of the 53 people aboard sought and were granted political asylum.

In 2002, Kenyan voters ousted the party that had ruled the nation since 1963 in an election that ended the 24-year presidency of Daniel Arap Moi.

In 2006, AT&T won U.S. approval to complete an $85 billion takeover of BellSouth Corp. after it made a series of consumer-friendly concessions.

In 2012, Pakistani officials said tainted cough syrup killed up to 36 people over a four-day period. Authorities shut down about a dozen medical stores and seized 8,000 bottles of the syrup.

In 2013, retired German race driver Michael Schumacher, one of the top stars in Formula 1 history, suffered severe head trauma in a skiing accident in the French Alps. (Schumacher was in a medically induced coma for months before being taken to his home in Switzerland for continued treatment.)

A thought for the day: "Today, and it breaks my heart to say it, finding a homeless person who has died of cold, is not news. Today, the news is scandals, that is news, but the many children who don't have food -- that's not news. This is grave. We can't rest easy while things are this way." -- Pope Francis (on May 17, 2014)

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