UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2015

FDR re-elected in landslide, Laika the dog becomes first animal in space ... on this date in history.

By United Press International
UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2015
President-elect Harry S. Truman laughs heartily as he holds an early edition of the Chicago Tribune with the headline "Dewey Defeats Truman." The newspaper, whose headline jumped to an erroneous conclusion as early election returns came in, was shown to Truman as he stopped in St. Louis, Missouri, during his victorious return trip to Washington, DC. File Photo UPI | License Photo

Today is Tuesday, Nov. 3, the 307th day of 2015 with 58 to follow.

This is Election Day in the United States.


The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Jupiter and Mercury. The evening stars are Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Italian artist Benvenuto Cellini in 1500; early Texas leader Stephen Austin, for whom the state capital is named, in 1793; poet William Cullen Bryant in 1794; Chicago Bears legend Bronislau "Bronko" Nagurski in 1908; baseball Hall of Fame member Bob Feller in 1918; actors Charles Bronson in 1921 and Jeremy Brett in 1933; conductor/composer John Barry in 1933: entertainer Ken Berry and 1988 Democratic presidential nominee and former Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis, also in 1933 (age 82); British pop singer Lulu, born Marie McDonald McLaughlin Lawrie, in 1948 (age 67); comedian Roseanne Barr in 1952 (age 63); comedian Dennis Miller and actor Kate Capshaw, both in 1953 (age 62); actors Kathy Kinney in 1954 (age 61) and Dolph Lundgren in 1957 (age 58); and model and actor Gemma Ward in 1987 (age 28).


On this date in history:

In 1903, Panama, with the support of the U.S. government, issued a declaration of independence from Colombia.

In 1868, John Willis Menard of Louisiana became the first African American elected to the United States House of Representatives. Opposition to his election prevented him from ever being seated.

RELATED UPI Archives: Happy Truman says, "I hope I deserve it"

In 1936, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was re-elected. It was a landslide victory over his Republican challenger, Kansas Gov Alfred M. "Alf" Landon.

In 1948, U.S. President Harry S. Truman defeated Republican challenger Thomas Dewey. In what was perhaps the greatest upset in American political history, Truman, who had been given no chance in pre-election polls and forecasts, seized the lead with the first returns last night and never lost it.

In 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first animal into space -- a dog named Laika -- aboard the Sputnik 2 spacecraft.

In 1964, Lyndon Johnson was elected U.S. president with a margin larger than in any previous election, defeating Republican Barry Goldwater.

In 1979, five members of the Communist Workers Party, participating in a "Death to the Klan" rally in Greensboro, N.C., were shot to death by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis. Seven others were wounded.


In 1986, a Lebanese magazine exposed the secret weapons-for-hostages deal taking place between the United States and Iran. The scandal, which would escalate into the Iran-Contra affair, resulted in the indictments of numerous officials including Oliver North as well as then-Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.

In 1992, Democrat Bill Clinton, the governor of Arkansas, was elected U.S. president, defeating President George H.W. Bush.

In 2004, Hamid Karzai was officially declared the winner in Afghanistan's first presidential election.

In 2012, hundreds of people, many dressed as Big Bird, marched in Washington to show support for the U.S. Public Broadcasting System.

In 2014, thirteen years after the World Trade Center was destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks, One World Trade Center opened it doors with employees at Conde Nast some of the first to move in.

A thought for the day: U.S. President Bill Clinton said in his first inaugural address: "Together with our friends and allies, we will work to shape change, lest it engulf us. When our vital interests are challenged or the will and conscience of the international community is defied, we will act, with peaceful diplomacy whenever possible, with force when necessary."

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