Today is Wednesday, Oct. 14, the 287th day of 2015 with 78 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter and Venus. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include William Penn, the English Quaker who founded Pennsylvania, in 1644; Irish political leader Eamon de Valera in 1882; Dwight D. Eisenhower, World War II military leader and 34th president of the United States, in 1890; actor Lillian Gish in 1893; poet E.E. Cummings in 1894; singer Allan Jones in 1907; college basketball coaching legend John Wooden in 1910; Nobel Peace Prize laureate Le Duc Tho in 1911; former U.S. Surgeon General Dr. C. Everett Koop in 1916; actor Roger Moore in 1927 (age 88); Watergate figure, author and lecturer John Dean in 1938 (age 77); fashion designer Ralph Lauren in 1939 (age 76); British pop singer Cliff Richard in 1940 (age 75); actors Harry Anderson in 1952 (age 63) and Greg Evigan in 1953 (age 62); golf Hall of Fame member Beth Daniel in 1956 (age 59) musician Thomas Dolby in 1958 (age 57); sports talk show host Jim Rome in 1964 (age 51); country music singer Natalie Maines in 1974 (age 41); and singer and actor Usher in 1978 (age 37).
On this date in history:
In 1322, Scotland's Robert the Bruce defeats King Edward II of England at Old Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
In 1884, George Eastman received his first "film" patent No. US306594 A for Negative Paper. While this was a paper film, though not the transparent film that many who were taking photographs prior to the advent of the iPhone might remember, it was not met with much success. It was, however, an important step in the development process and its improved versions were incorporated into Kodak's first camera which was introduced in 1888.
In 1910, "(Claude) Grahame-White, the English aviator in an aeroplane today passed over the Washington monument. He described a great circle over the business center of the city and could have dropped bombs on the White House. He landed at the door of the executive offices and was greeted by high officials of the departments. His flight was fifteen miles in length. All business in the departments was suspended for 35 minutes." - Special by United Press
In 1912, former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for a return to office, was shot in Milwaukee. He refused to have the wound treated until he finished his speech. Speaking later with his surgeon, Roosevelt would joke, "They will have to use higher caliber lead than that if they want to get me. It would take a Howitzer to kill a bull moose."
In 1926, A.A. Milne's "Winnie-the-Pooh" was published.
In 1933, Nazi "Germany, angry and steeling herself to any consequences, announced her withdrawal from the League of Nations and the World Disarmament Conference."
In 1944, British and Greek troops liberated Athens, ending three years of World War II occupation by German forces.
In 1947, U.S. Air Force Capt. Chuck Yeager, 24, flying a Bell X-1, became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound.
In 1964, U.S. civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., 35, became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He accepted the prize on behalf of "all men who love peace and brotherhood."
In 1977, Bing Crosby, one of the most popular singers of his day and winner of the Best Actor Academy Award for his role in "Going My Way," died of a heart attack while playing golf in Madrid. He was 74.
In 1994, the kidnapping of an Israeli soldier by Palestinian extremists ended with the soldier and four others being killed in a shootout. The same day, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to two Israelis, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
In 2008, the Canadian Conservative Party, led by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, retained power by defeating the Liberal Party in the national elections.
In 2012, Arlen Specter, who served five consecutive terms in the U.S. Senate, died at his home in Philadelphia. Specter, 82, a longtime Republican after beginning his political career as a Democrat, switched back to the Democratic Party in 2009.
In 2013, a court in Malaysia ruled that non-Muslims may not use "Allah" to refer to God.
A thought for the day: U.S. Gen. George S. Patton said, "Do more than is required of you."