Today is Tuesday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2015 with 79 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter and Venus. Evening stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include American Revolutionary War heroine Molly Pitcher in 1754; baseball Hall of Fame member Rube Waddell in 1876; actors Lillie Langtry in 1853 and Cornel Wilde in 1912; editorial cartoonist Herbert Block in 1909; puppeteer Burr Tillstrom in 1917; actor/singer Yves Montand in 1921; former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and comedian Lenny Bruce, both in 1925; Jesse L. Brown, the first African-American naval aviator, in 1926; actor Melinda Dillon in 1939 (age 76); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Paul Simon in 1941 (age 74); musician Robert Lamm, from the band Chicago, in 1944 (age 71); rocker Sammy Hagar in 1947 (age 68); horse racing Hall of Fame member Pat Day in 1953 (age 62); Chris Carter, creator of "The X-Files," in 1957 (age 58); entertainer Marie Osmond in 1959 (age 56); actor Kelly Preston and football Hall of Fame member Jerry Rice, both in 1962 (age 53); Olympic gold medal-winning Cuban high jump specialist Javier Sotomayor in 1967 (age 48); figure skater Nancy Kerrigan in 1969 (age 45); actor Sacha Baron Cohen in 1971 (age 44); and Olympic gold medal-winning Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe in 1982 (age 33).
On this date in history:
In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered construction of America's first naval fleet.
In 1792, the cornerstone to the White House in Washington was laid. (It would be November 1800 before the first presidential family -- that of John Adams -- moved in.)
In 1903, the Boston Americans (later known as the Red Sox) beat the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the first modern World Series, five games to three.
In 1917, as many as 100,000 people gathered in Fatima, Portugal, for the "Miracle of the Sun" and its strange solar activity and, for many, a reported glimpse of the Virgin Mary.
In 1926, Jesse L. Brown, the first African-American aviator in the U.S. Navy, and a recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross, was born in Hattiesburg, Miss.
In 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its former partner.
In 1972, Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 carrying 45 people, including a rugby team from Montevideo, crashes in the Andes mountains. It would take 72 days for rescuers to learn the fate of the survivors, and by that time, only 16 were left to tell their story. The survivor's harrowing story was brought to the big screen in the 1993 feature film, Alive.
In 1972, more than 170 people were killed in a Soviet airliner crash near Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport.
In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize -- the first winner from Central America. Arias was recognized for his work promoting democracy and peace in Central America.
In 1994, two months after the Irish Republican Army announced a cease-fire, the Ulster Volunteer Force and Ulster Freedom Fighters, the two main paramilitary groups fighting to keep Northern Ireland with its Protestant majority in the United Kingdom, announced a cease-fire.
In 2010, after more than two months entombed half a mile under the Chilean desert, the first of 33 trapped miners were pulled to safety in a narrow passageway drilled through more than 2,000 feet of rock, to be followed in the next 24 hours by the rest of the crew in a dramatic finale to a remarkable rescue mission.
In 2012, authorities in Afghanistan said a suicide bomber killed at least seven Afghan intelligence officers in Kandahar province, and five security guards employed by a private company died in coordinated terrorist bombings in Zabul province
In 2013, a stampede by masses of worshipers crossing a bridge over the Sindh River at a Hindu festival in India's Madhya Pradesh state killed more than 100 people and injured scores of others. A police official said people panicked as rumors spread that the bridge was collapsing.
A thought for the day: "Desire is the most important factor in the success of any athlete." -- Bill Shoemaker