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UPI Almanac for Monday, Sept. 21, 2015

Senate confirms Sandra Day O'Connor as first woman on U.S. Supreme Court ... on this date in history.

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United Press International
Sandra Day O'Connor's nomination -- by President Ronald Reagan -- to the U.S. Supreme Court was unanimously approved Sept. 21, 1981, by the Senate. O'Connor, the first female member of the high court, is pictured before giving a commencement address at a New York law school June 1, 2004, the year before she announced she would retire from the court. File Photo by Ezio Petersen/UPI
Sandra Day O'Connor's nomination -- by President Ronald Reagan -- to the U.S. Supreme Court was unanimously approved Sept. 21, 1981, by the Senate. O'Connor, the first female member of the high court, is pictured before giving a commencement address at a New York law school June 1, 2004, the year before she announced she would retire from the court. File Photo by Ezio Petersen/UPI | License Photo

Today is Monday, Sept. 21, the 264th day of 2015 with 101 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Mercury, Neptune and Saturn.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include Louis Joliet, French-Canadian explorer of the Mississippi River, in 1645; British author/historian H.G. Wells in 1866; British composer Gustav Holst in 1874; British publisher Allen Lane, who introduced the low-priced paperback book, in 1902; animator Chuck Jones (Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Wile E. Coyote) in 1912; actor Larry Hagman in 1931; actor Henry Gibson in 1935; singer/songwriter Leonard Cohen in 1934 (age 81); radio talk show host Diane Rehm in 1936 (age 79); journalist Bill Kurtis in 1940 (age 75); comedian Fannie Flagg in 1944 (age 71); television producer Jerry Bruckheimer in 1945 (age 70); author Stephen King in 1947 (age 68); guitarist Don Felder (Eagles) in 1947 (age 68); comedian Bill Murray in 1950 (age 65); champion race car driver Arie Luyendyk in 1953 (age 62); Ethan Coen, one of the filmmaking Coen brothers, in 1957 (age 58); actor Nancy Travis in 1961 (age 54); actor Rob Morrow in 1962 (age 53); singer Faith Hill in 1967 (age 48); actor Ricki Lake in 1968 (age 47); actor Luke Wilson in 1971 (age 44); television personality Nicole Richie in 1981 (age 34).

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On this date in history:

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In 1780, American Gen. Benedict Arnold gave plans to the British for the surrender of West Point, N.Y. (Arnold's name was forever after associated with the word "traitor.")

In 1792, the Legislative Assembly of revolutionary France voted to abolish the monarchy and establish the First Republic, stripping King Louis XVI of most of his power.

In 1893, the first successful American-made, gasoline-operated motorcar appeared on the streets of Springfield, Mass. It was designed and built by Charles and Frank Duryea.

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In 1921, following a sex scandal caused by the arrest of comedian Fatty Arbuckle, Universal announced it would require its actors to sign a "morality clause" in their contracts.

In 1937, J.R.R. Tolkien published "The Hobbit."

In 1938, an estimated 600 people were killed by a hurricane that battered the coast of New England.

In 1981, Sandra Day O'Connor received a unanimous vote in the Senate to become the first female member of the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 1991, Armenia became the 12th Soviet republic to declare independence.

In 1998, Hurricane Georges began a deadly rampage through the Caribbean, killing more than 600 people.

In 1999, a 7.6-magnitude earthquake struck Taiwan, killing at least 2,300 people, injuring thousands and leaving tens of thousands homeless.

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In 2001, a telecast by top movie stars and musicians raised more than $500 million for survivors of the victims of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on the United States.

In 2003, the spacecraft Galileo approached the fringes of Jupiter's atmosphere and then was directed to destroy itself in a high-speed plunge.

In 2008, Thabo Mbecki, South Africa's president since 1999, stepped down after losing a power struggle with rival Jacob Zuma.

In 2009, the United States and NATO commander in Afghanistan, Army Gen. Stanley McCrystal, said in a confidential report he needed more troops within a year or the conflict likely would end in failure.

In 2011, American hikers Shane Bauer and Joshua Fattal, imprisoned on espionage charges in Iran for more than two years after wandering across the border, were released.

In 2012, officials in Washington said the last of so-called surge forces had been withdrawn from Afghanistan, leaving 68,000 U.S. troops in the country.

In 2013, Islamic terrorists ambushed a crowded, upscale shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, took hostages and clashed with police. (The death toll in the four-day siege was at least 67, with more than 170 people wounded. The al-Qaida-linked group al-Shabab claimed responsibility.)

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In 2014, an estimated 300,000 people participated in a "People's Climate Change" march in New York City. Organizers said it was the largest climate-change march in history. (Tens of thousands marched in other cities.)


A thought for the day: "A nation of sheep will beget a government of wolves." -- Edward R. Murrow

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