TORONTO, Aug. 27 (UPI) -- The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency used Canadian research to determine how cold they could make a terror suspect in water, newly released documents show.
The Globe and Mail found footnotes in newly disclosed CIA materials on water dousing in previously top secret memos released by court-order to the American Civil Liberties Union.
Among the Canadian research found footnoted in the files is a years-old research paper by Dr. Gordon Giesbrecht of the University of Manitoba, who studied hypothermia by immersing himself and hundreds other volunteers in frigid water to determine time and temperature safety factors. He told the Globe the purpose was to help sailors and fishermen.
Another researcher, Chris Brooks, said he wasn't aware his cold-immersion research was used either.
"Oh dear. I've helped the CIA, have I?" Brooks told the newspaper. "I'm absolutely flabbergasted."
U.S. President Barack Obama has ordered more disclosure on the interrogation techniques used by the CIA during the Bush administration that is shedding light on cold water immersion and the simulated practice called waterboarding, the report said.