In an appearance on CBS's "Face the Nation" program, the former Illinois congressman said under the president's budget plan 95 percent of Americans will receive tax relief. He noted that Republicans, although critical of the plan, did not offer alternatives.
"This budget fundamentally changes the culture in this way: it rejects the past and says we're going to be a culture and society that invests and saves," Emanuel said.
The president's budget plan, which was delivered to Congress Thursday, calls for an increase in government spending for such things as healthcare reform and tax breaks for middle- and low-income Americans. The plan's cost is offset by a tax hike for the wealthiest taxpayers.
Emanuel said despite Republican criticisms, the White House will continue to reach out to the GOP.
"Our goal is to continue reach out, and it's our desire that Republicans would work with us and try to be constructive rather than adopt the philosophy of someone like (conservative radio talks show host) Rush Limbaugh who's praying for failure."