The United States has a huge trade deficit with the Chinese, which some officials would like to see closed to help the overall U.S. fiscal picture.
"Our trade relations can become even stronger, as China adopts policies that allow U.S. companies to compete in China with the same freedom that Chinese companies are able to compete here in the United States," Bush said.
Hu said, "mutually beneficial and win-win China-U.S. economic cooperation and trade benefit" both countries.
An Asian woman was detained by security guards as she called out during Hu's comments. She was apparently a member of the Chinese-banned Falun Gong movement and, in Chinese, shouted, "President Hu, your days are numbered."
The White House was the latest stop in a U.S. trip for the Chinese president, who first visited Seattle and met with Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates and also visited a Boeing aircraft plant.