Springer began the game with a leadoff home run off Rangers starter Adrian Sampson. Springer has five leadoff home runs this season.
The veteran outfielder singled his next three at-bats before hitting a two-run home run in the sixth inning.
Springer's first career five-hit game came in a 4-1 loss to the Chicago White Sox on June 10, 2015. He was a perfect six-for-six in a 16-2 win over the rival Oakland Athletics on May 7, 2018.
Springer is hitting .321 this season following Sunday's outing. The two-time All-Star has 15 home runs and 37 RBIs in 41 games this year.
Houston currently leads the AL West Division with a 26-15 record.