Obama praised the Broncos' defense, calling it "one of the greatest defenses of all time," as well as quarterback Peyton Manning, who has since retired.
"I'm so pleased to be able to host Peyton at the White House before I left," Obama said during his speech in the Rose Garden.
"Anyone who has been a football fan, who has watched one of the greatest football careers ever, racking up more wins, MVPs, passing yards and touchdowns than anybody in history."
In addition to Manning, among others, Broncos wide receiver Demaryius Thomas attended Monday's celebration.
Obama previously commuted the prison sentence of Thomas' mother Katina Smith, imprisoned in 1999 on drug trafficking charges.
Broncos cornerback Aqib Talib was not present at the White House after being shot in the leg Sunday in Dallas. He was released from the hospital Monday.
Denver defeated the Panthers 24-10 to win the Super Bowl for the third time.