A guide to watching practice rounds: what are the pros doing?

United States Ryder Cup team captain Davis Love III watches his team practice at the 39th Ryder Cup at Medinah Country Club on Tuesday, September 25, 2012 in Medinah, Illinois. Ryder Cup tournament play begins Friday. UPI/Brian Kersey
United States Ryder Cup team captain Davis Love III watches his team practice at the 39th Ryder Cup at Medinah Country Club on Tuesday, September 25, 2012 in Medinah, Illinois. Ryder Cup tournament play begins Friday. UPI/Brian Kersey | License Photo

There is actually so much that a player does during a practice round that a complete description could make for a very good book.

Whereas every player has his own routine for practice rounds, there are a few things that all players are looking to achieve.


Get to Know the Course

In his interview yesterday, Tiger Woods said that "the most important thing about these next two days is just getting to know this new course for us."

Simply put, the end goal of practice rounds is to get to know the course. But what exactly does that mean? "Getting to know the course" is somewhat of a vague concept. In an ideal world, there would be enough practice rounds to reach the point where one feels like he has played there his whole life, almost like it being his home course. Obviously a player can't play that many practice rounds for every tournament. This is why players try to absorb as much information about the course as possible during practice rounds.


While playing a practice round, players keep their eyes and ears open to the course like antennas, trying absorb as much information as possible. Players actually gather information on the grounds from their feet as they walk the course.

Playing proper practice rounds can be demanding. This is why they will often play only nine holes in one day. Yesterday, for example, several of the American players played only about 8-10 holes.

You will also notice that they will almost never play for score. Playing for score takes an entirely different mindset. One might say that the antennas are closed to reception, except for information that might influence the shot that is to be played in the moment.

This can change, however, on courses that are regular tour stops. Once a player has been to the same course for a few years in a row, the practice rounds change slightly in nature. Some players are known to even play for a little cash during practice rounds.

I remember Lanny Wadkins saying that he has an un-cashed check from Ben Hogan from a practice round that they played together. Not to break Lanny's heart, but during practice rounds, Hogan was known to play his approach shots to parts of the greens where he knew the hole was going to be placed during the tournament. Meaning that he played away from the flag during practice rounds. In essence, your best chance of beating Hogan was to play him in a practice round.


Medinah is not a regular tour stop and even when a player thinks he knows the course, things can change.

Woods, who has won two PGAs at Medinah, spoke to this dynamic.

"I've been here two PGAs and it's a different golf course again. I'm going to need to do my homework so that whoever I go out with that I will be ready and able to contribute and understand this golf course and how to play it," Woods said.

Get to Know Distances

One of the main focuses during a practice round is to get to know distances to the course's various obstacles -- water hazards, trees, bunkers. One of the things that I noticed yesterday was that, with the exception of hole 15, Medinah's water hazards are all frontal -- in front of the green in the axis of play. For a tour player, these hazards virtually never come into play. However, they will influence shot selection and strategy for the approach shots into those greens.

Nowadays on tour, each player is given a very sophisticated yardage book that has distances to and from nearly every spot imaginable. Yet nothing can be left to chance in a game where one shot could mean the differences between winning or losing the golden Ryder Cup.


This yardage book becomes a veritable notebook for tour players. Players will write down dominant wind direction for each hole in case the wind swirls on different parts of the course because of trees. For example, at Medinah, three of the par-threes play across a major water hazard -- those tend to be pretty windy.

Because the tee boxes and the greens on these holes are sheltered by tall trees, players might not feel the wind and the flag might not be moving much. The player who "hasn't done his homework" as Tiger says, might make a crucial error when the pressure is on.

Identify Major Shot Patterns

The other thing that I noticed on the course was that there are a lot of dog-legs out there. As we all know, dog-legs offer an interesting challenge. If you are a slicer, you already know the challenge you are faced when you come to a hole that turns to the left. Believe it or not, tour players are in the same boat. In fact, it is often said that even a play like Lee Trevino never won at Augusta because most of the holes turned to the left and he preferred playing a fade. In the case of Lee at Augusta, there is surely more to it, but there is much truth in that statement.


For a tour professional, the decision is to try to cut the corner (Bubba Watson style), bend it around the corner (Phil Mickelson style) or play to a certain distance in the dogleg that allows for a good angle on the next shot (Zach Johnson style).

With seven holes bending to the left and three turning to the right, strategy off the tee this week is going to be very important. Not only will each player have to decide how to play each hole in preparation for his singles match, the captains are going to have to keep in mind each players' shot tendencies when doing the pairings for the doubles matches.

Get Confident on the Greens

In his interview yesterday, he made a comment that is often said about the modern tour: "ultimately if you look at any golf tournament, whoever makes the most putts usually wins." Whereas I don't think that this is always the case, especially not in the big events, there is no question that one of the main focuses for the players during a practice round is the greens. Very often in golf, for amateurs and pros alike, one's success on the greens comes down to feeling comfortable about the greens. Phil made a comment during the FedEx that even though he has a practice green with the same grass as did the course, he still wasn't comfortable with the greens.


During a practice round, players spend a lot of time on the greens. They hit putts from all directions to make sure that they know the breaks on the greens. They try to get a feel for how fast the ball is rolling. They look for tricky spots on the greens where holes may be placed.

As I was walking the course late in the afternoon, a couple of American team players were back out on the 13th green. There is one spot on the back left of that green where there is a little ridge from the front of the green to the back of the green. Once the ball gets over that ridge, it then goes back downhill and to the left. Hopefully, it's the American's dedication to doing their homework that will help bring the Cup back to the States.


Stephen Moskal is currently the Director of Instruction for Golf Swing Exchange, an innovative on-line coaching platform whose goal is to revolutionize the ability for people to learn golf. A former professional golfer in Europe, Moskal turned pro in 1993 as a member of the French National Circuit and also spent time on the United Kingdom Mastercard Tour and the European Challenge Tour. Following a seven-year professional career, Moskal turned to teaching full-time in 1999. A 1990 graduate of Furman University with a degree in philosophy, Moskal was a four year letter winner with the Paladins and was a member of the academic honor roll. Most recently, Stephen studied under Top 100 instructor Mitchell Spearman, best known for working with major champions Nick Faldo and Ian Baker Finch. Stephen is also the Head Golf Coach at Marymount University in Arlington, VA.



(United Press International's Commentaries are written by outside contributors who specialize in a variety of important issues. The views expressed do not necessarily reflect those of United Press International. In the interests of creating an open forum, original submissions are invited.)

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