DAVIS, Calif., May 16 (UPI) -- In California, every drop of water counts.
Recently, researchers with the University of California, Davis set out to figure out whether dairy farmers in their home state are wasting water trying to keep their cows cool.
Many dairy farmers use high-flow sprinkler systems to keep the cows cool and happy during periods of drought and high temperatures. The thinking goes: happier cows are more productive. For this reason, water usage on dairy farms rises dramatically in the summer months.
"Dairies vary widely in the amount of water used to cool cows," lead researcher Jennifer M. Chen, an animal scientist at UC-Davis, explained in a news release.
To see if there is a better, more efficient way to keep cows cool, Chen and her colleagues measured the effects of different sprinkler systems -- high-flow versus low-flow -- on behavioral, physiological and production responses in cows.
Though cows given access to high-flow sprinklers had slightly lower body temperatures on average and produced a bit more milk, the differences were small. Behavior patterns were unaffected by sprinkler type, suggesting the cows were happy either way -- undisturbed by the reduced flow.
The findings suggest low-flow sprinklers can offer similar benefits while cutting water use by nearly 75 percent.
"Future work should evaluate the degree of heat abatement that can be achieved with even less water," Chen said. "An alternative to reducing sprinkler flow rate may be to apply higher flow rates for a shorter duration."
The new research was published this week in the Journal of Dairy Science.