RADOLFZELL, Germany, June 11 (UPI) -- Songbirds have long been a propped up as a paragon of romantic commitment. They readily pair up and present a picture of idyllic monogamy to the world (or at least to ornithologists and birders).
New genetic technologies have undermined these narratives, showing songbirds are more promiscuous than previously thought. And now a new study suggests most of their affairs happen just before sunrise. The early bird gets the sperm, so they say.
"A common behavior among socially monogamous songbirds that usually takes place in the early mornings is extra-pair mating, that is copulating with partners outside of the social pair bond," scientists explained in a new scientific paper, published in the journal Functional Ecology.
To test the advantages of waking early and the disadvantages of sleeping in, researchers in Germany put slow-release melatonin implants under the skin of male great tits (Parus major), a species of passerine bird. Melatonin is a hormone that governs creatures' circadian rhythms. The implants caused the birds to sleep an extra ten minutes each morning.
Researchers closely monitored the birds sexual behavior over the course of several weeks. For birds without the implant, the control group, most males rose 22 minutes prior to dawn. Only 12 percent of these birds' female mates were sired by other males.
But for the males who hit the snooze button, their mates were much more likely to look outside the nest for sex. Some 42 percent of chicks in the nests of late-rising males were conceived with another male's sperm.
"These results strongly support the assumption that selection, particularly sexual selection, shapes the circadian phenotypes of wild vertebrates," researchers concluded.